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Feb12
HIV/AIDS.HEPAITIS B & HEPATITIS C RISK AFTER EXPOSURE TO INFECTED SOURCE ACCIDENTALLY :HOW TO PROTECT ONESELF AND MEASURES TAKEN TO CONTROL IT.
HIV/AIDS.HEPAITIS B & HEPATITIS C RISK AFTER EXPOSURE TO INFECTED SOURCE ACCIDENTALLY :HOW TO PROTECT ONESELF AND MEASURES TAKEN TO CONTROL IT.

PROF.DRRAM ,HIV/AIDS,SEX DISEASES,SEX WEAKNESS & ABORTION SPECIALIST
profdrram@gmail.com,+917838059592,+919832025033 DELHI –NCR,INDIA
FOLLOW ON FACE BOOK:www.facebook.com/drramkumar
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An exposure can be defined as a percutaneous injury (e.g., needlestick or cut with a sharp object) or contact of mucous membrane or nonintact skin (e.g., exposed skin that is chapped, abraded, or with dermatitis) with blood, saliva, tissue, or other body fluids that are potentially infectious Exposure incidents might place any time mostly of persons living contact (Family and social members),health personne treating them or accidentally other man coming in contact with different items used by infected persons as razor,blade,handerkerchief,bed,toilet sheet ,common water tub eating or drinking or using their clothes or meeting or talking or hugging or kissing them risk for hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.
In this regard it should be clear that hugging,using clothe using toilet sheet shaking hnds,eating or drinking with same glass or plate or using swimming tub or aircooler or room or bed or house or even kissing except very large oozing cut in mouth or skin and persons coming in direct contact with ozing but not old spatted blood of 30 minutes or more blood,semen,vaginal fluid,milk (not transmitting HCV),any body excertion except saliva,sweat or tear(very minimum)never transmit these diseases.TRANSMISSION BY AIR,WATER CONTACT WITH FOOD,CLOTHES,INSECT BITE,ANIMAL BITES NEVER OCCURS EVEN ANIMAL HIV ,HEPATITIS B OR C VIRUS DOESNOT AFFECT HUMAN AS IT IS SPECIES SPECIFIC BUT OTHER STDs may transmit.
Hepatitis B Virus (HBV):Health care workers who have received hepatitis B vaccine and have developed immunity to the virus are at virtually no risk for infection. For an unvaccinated person, the risk from a single needlestick or a cut exposure to HBV-infected blood ranges from 6%–30% and depends on the hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) status of the source individual. Individuals who are both hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) positive and HBeAg positive have more virus in their blood and are more likely to transmit HBV.
Hepatitis C Virus (HCV);Based on limited studies, the estimated risk for infection after a needlestick or cut exposure to HCV-infected blood is approximately 1.8%. The risk following a blood splash is unknown but is believed to be very small; however, HCV infection from such an exposure has been reported.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV);The average risk for HIV infection after a needlestick or cut exposure to HlV-infected blood is 0.3% (about 1 in 300). Stated another way, 99.7% of needlestick/cut exposures to HIV-contaminated blood do not lead to infection.The risk after exposure of the eye, nose, or mouth to HIV-infected blood is estimated to be, on average, 0.1% (1 in 1,000).
The risk after exposure of the skin to HlV-infected blood is estimated to be less than 0.1%. A small amount of blood on intact skin probably poses no risk at all. There have been no documented cases of HIV transmission due to an exposure involving a small amount of blood on intact skin (a few drops of blood on skin for a short period of time). The risk may be higher if the skin is damaged (for example, by a recent cut), if the contact involves a large area of skin, or if the contact is prolonged.
What should be done following an occupational exposure?
Wounds and skin sites that have been in contact with blood or body fluids should be washed with soap and water; mucous membranes should be flushed with water. Immediate evaluation must be performed by a qualified health care professional.
There is no prophlactic medicine for hepatitis B for that precautions by wearing double gloves,washing hands fter touching patients or contacts wearing spectcles, dressing gown,Safe Blood,Safe protected sex with single condom male or female not double condoms and keeping utmost care while treating or being in touch with these patients is must.Donot avoid them tke only precautions simple precautions will protect .Hepatitis B vaccination is rule,for Hepatitis C no vaccination present take above precautions as stated above.Same is rule for HIV but beside if close contacts unavoidable as relatives new born or health personnel can take preprophylactic ARV AS TRUVADA or after exposure if Direct Blood contact as needle of blood in vein of treating health personnel or person highly infected with high viral load and blood coming out advise for three drug POST EXPOSURE PROPHYLAXIS DRUG FOR 28 DAYSif exposure less as blood of less infected person with breach over skin then TEO DRUG PROPHYLAXIS FOR 28 DAYS.
All used itmes by these persons particcularly Blood or body tissue must be burned or deep dug in side earth other as utensils,bed clothes should be washed properly using bleaching powder or phenyke if infected body secretions are spat over these otherwise simple washing is required.
INFECTED PERSON SHOULD NOT DONATE BLOOD OR THEIR ORGAN TO OTHER PERSONS EXCEPT NOW HIV DONATE ORGANS TO HIV PERSONS ONLY,SHOLD TKE PRECAUTIONS IF ANY RAW LEAKED SURFACE OR ULCER INSIDE MOUTH OR GENITILIA THEN FIRST GET IT TREATED BEFORE KISSING OR SEX WITH UNINFECTED PERSON.IF VIRAL LOAD LESS AND GOOD ARV TAKEN THEN CHANCE OF TRANSMISSION IS VERY LOW,SAME WITH HCV,HBV IF MEDICINE TAKEN THEN THESE ARE LESS INFECTIOUS.
IT IS PLEASURE THAT NO DISCRIMINATION OR STIGMA PAID TO THESE PERSONS, MIX WITH THEM ,LIVE WITH THEM SIMPLE PRECUTIONS BY BOTH SIDE PREVENT THESE DEADLY INFECTIONS.
Photo: HIV/AIDS.HEPAITIS B & HEPATITIS C RISK AFTER EXPOSURE TO INFECTED SOURCE ACCIDENTALLY :HOW TO PROTECT ONESELF AND MEASURES TAKEN TO CONTROL IT.

PROF.DRRAM ,HIV/AIDS,SEX DISEASES,SEX WEAKNESS & ABORTION SPECIALIST
profdrram@gmail.com,+917838059592,+919832025033 DELHI –NCR,INDIA
FOLLOW ON FACE BOOK:www.facebook.com/drramkumar
FOLLOW ON TWITTER:www.twitter.com/profdrram

An exposure can be defined as a percutaneous injury (e.g., needlestick or cut with a sharp object) or contact of mucous membrane or nonintact skin (e.g., exposed skin that is chapped, abraded, or with dermatitis) with blood, saliva, tissue, or other body fluids that are potentially infectious Exposure incidents might place any time mostly of persons living contact (Family and social members),health personne treating them or accidentally other man coming in contact with different items used by infected persons as razor,blade,handerkerchief,bed,toilet sheet ,common water tub eating or drinking or using their clothes or meeting or talking or hugging or kissing them risk for hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.
In this regard it should be clear that hugging,using clothe using toilet sheet shaking hnds,eating or drinking with same glass or plate or using swimming tub or aircooler or room or bed or house or even kissing except very large oozing cut in mouth or skin and persons coming in direct contact with ozing but not old spatted blood of 30 minutes or more blood,semen,vaginal fluid,milk (not transmitting HCV),any body excertion except saliva,sweat or tear(very minimum)never transmit these diseases.TRANSMISSION BY AIR,WATER CONTACT WITH FOOD,CLOTHES,INSECT BITE,ANIMAL BITES NEVER OCCURS EVEN ANIMAL HIV ,HEPATITIS B OR C VIRUS DOESNOT AFFECT HUMAN AS IT IS SPECIES SPECIFIC BUT OTHER STDs may transmit.
Hepatitis B Virus (HBV):Health care workers who have received hepatitis B vaccine and have developed immunity to the virus are at virtually no risk for infection. For an unvaccinated person, the risk from a single needlestick or a cut exposure to HBV-infected blood ranges from 6%–30% and depends on the hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) status of the source individual. Individuals who are both hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) positive and HBeAg positive have more virus in their blood and are more likely to transmit HBV.
Hepatitis C Virus (HCV);Based on limited studies, the estimated risk for infection after a needlestick or cut exposure to HCV-infected blood is approximately 1.8%. The risk following a blood splash is unknown but is believed to be very small; however, HCV infection from such an exposure has been reported.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV);The average risk for HIV infection after a needlestick or cut exposure to HlV-infected blood is 0.3% (about 1 in 300). Stated another way, 99.7% of needlestick/cut exposures to HIV-contaminated blood do not lead to infection.The risk after exposure of the eye, nose, or mouth to HIV-infected blood is estimated to be, on average, 0.1% (1 in 1,000).
The risk after exposure of the skin to HlV-infected blood is estimated to be less than 0.1%. A small amount of blood on intact skin probably poses no risk at all. There have been no documented cases of HIV transmission due to an exposure involving a small amount of blood on intact skin (a few drops of blood on skin for a short period of time). The risk may be higher if the skin is damaged (for example, by a recent cut), if the contact involves a large area of skin, or if the contact is prolonged.
What should be done following an occupational exposure?
Wounds and skin sites that have been in contact with blood or body fluids should be washed with soap and water; mucous membranes should be flushed with water. Immediate evaluation must be performed by a qualified health care professional.
There is no prophlactic medicine for hepatitis B for that precautions by wearing double gloves,washing hands fter touching patients or contacts wearing spectcles, dressing gown,Safe Blood,Safe protected sex with single condom male or female not double condoms and keeping utmost care while treating or being in touch with these patients is must.Donot avoid them tke only precautions simple precautions will protect .Hepatitis B vaccination is rule,for Hepatitis C no vaccination present take above precautions as stated above.Same is rule for HIV but beside if close contacts unavoidable as relatives new born or health personnel can take preprophylactic ARV AS TRUVADA or after exposure if Direct Blood contact as needle of blood in vein of treating health personnel or person highly infected with high viral load and blood coming out advise for three drug POST EXPOSURE PROPHYLAXIS DRUG FOR 28 DAYSif exposure less as blood of less infected person with breach over skin then TEO DRUG PROPHYLAXIS FOR 28 DAYS.
All used itmes by these persons particcularly Blood or body tissue must be burned or deep dug in side earth other as utensils,bed clothes should be washed properly using bleaching powder or phenyke if infected body secretions are spat over these otherwise simple washing is required.
INFECTED PERSON SHOULD NOT DONATE BLOOD OR THEIR ORGAN TO OTHER PERSONS EXCEPT NOW HIV DONATE ORGANS TO HIV PERSONS ONLY,SHOLD TKE PRECAUTIONS IF ANY RAW LEAKED SURFACE OR ULCER INSIDE MOUTH OR GENITILIA THEN FIRST GET IT TREATED BEFORE KISSING OR SEX WITH UNINFECTED PERSON.IF VIRAL LOAD LESS AND GOOD ARV TAKEN THEN CHANCE OF TRANSMISSION IS VERY LOW,SAME WITH HCV,HBV IF MEDICINE TAKEN THEN THESE ARE LESS INFECTIOUS.
IT IS PLEASURE THAT NO DISCRIMINATION OR STIGMA PAID TO THESE PERSONS, MIX WITH THEM ,LIVE WITH THEM SIMPLE PRECUTIONS BY BOTH SIDE PREVENT THESE DEADLY INFECTIONS.


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