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Alzheimer's disease and Scientific aspects of Memory Enhancement
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Hair care; Ayurvedic approach
Hair Care; Ayurvedic approach
(Dr. Santosh Jalukar)

Importance of hair:
The moment a person looks into a mirror, first he shapes the hair. Practically it is a dead tissue like nails which does not have nerve endings. Even then we try to take care from all different angles. There are end numbers of products in the market for hair care. More and more products are being introduced daily and are being advertised in various media. Few years ago some hair oil was introduced in the market claiming that it will even grow hair on the palms. The company made huge sale and then the truth was revealed. Hair is such an important feature for humans that people spend enormous amount and time for its care. One Marathi poem “Shepta”, written by advocate Ratnaparkhi has a great humor hidden in the contents. One boy appeared for SSC exam and a girl sitting ahead on the bench had wonderful long hair. This poor guy was simply staring at her hair and could not even write a single word in the exam. Apart from humor in this poem, it is true that hair has phenomenal role in the life of human being. It is therefore essential to understand various aspects of hair care from Ayurvedic point of view.
What is Hair?
According to Ayurvedic theory, hair is a bi-product of bones. If the bones are healthy, the strength and growth of hair will be good. If there are some diseases associated to bones or had a fracture, it seriously affects the hair growth. After successful treatment the hair falling stops and the hair growth becomes noticeable. According to Ayurvedic principles, the bones have Vata dosha and the best treatment to take care of this, is oil. Therefore importance of oil in relation to hair care is unquestionable. It is true that some people have good and strong hair despite not using any oil for life time and some people have serious hair problems even after using good quality of oils. There is an influence of genetic inheritance in such cases and also some role of wrong diet and life style.
Why females are seldom bald:
In males, 30% of adults over the age of 50 are bald. But this ratio is extremely low in case of females. No doubt, females complain more about hair fall but it is also true that they are not totally bald like males. Ayurvedic principle of Dosha may give some explanation in this area. There is regular blood loss by way of menstruation which helps to eliminate Pitta from their body which prevents hair falling. In contrast, males have testosterone hormone which is of Pitta type and hence leads to weaken the hair roots. Testosterone is a male hormone and more of this makes and individual more capable of performing sex. Therefore bald people are sexier than other normal people. Females also have this hormone but the quantity is very less compared to men.
Diseases of hair: Hair falling, dandruff and graying of hair are three main worrying conditions. First of all it is essential to understand that whether they should be really called as diseases? About 10% of the scalp hairs remain in resting phase. The areas are different and this phase remains for about 6 months. During this resting phase, the nutrition to hair roots is deficient and they tend to fall with even little pull. After falling, there is a chance of re-growth at the same place provided the nutrition gets reestablished. Therefore this type of hair falling should not be considered as disease but it’s a part of physiological process. Dandruff is a kind of fungal infection of scalp which is not the disease of hair. Therefore its treatment should have a totally different approach. Using anti-dandruff shampoos is just useful in washing off the dandruff. It has nothing to do with the formation of dandruff. Second important thing about so called anti-dandruff shampoos, they remain in touch with the scalp for just 10-15 seconds. Immediately after foaming, it is washed with water. In such situation how can one expect to have any effect on the skin (scalp)? If you expect some therapeutic activity to exert on the skin, it should remain in contact for at least an hour or so. Therefore dandruff should be treated with good anti fungal lotion like neem, then only it is logical. The third issue about hair is graying at an early age. Basically hair is white in colour. A black coloured protein pigment by the name keratin makes it black. Due to ageing, the body physiology weakens and the production of keratin lessens. Hence the hair colour starts becoming white, which is its original colour indeed. It is like a cloth fades the colour and becomes dull after washing several times.
Hair care approach: Hair falling, dandruff and graying of hair are three main worrying conditions. So let us see one after another. Our diet is responsible for the formation of blood, bones, skin, hair and practically all the tissues in the body. Therefore, for any health concern, dietary modification is one of the most important factors. In case of hair related issues, salt is considered as 1st enemy. Hair falling and graying is very common in those who consume excess salt in the diet. Other preparations like pickles and papad contain more salt as a part of recipe; hence these items should be restricted. It is always good to have slightly less salt than having slightly more as a routine. These small modifications can also prevent hair falling due to genetically inherited pattern to some extent. Ayurvedic embryology states that hair are prominently inherited by father. Hence usually the hair falling starts at the same age as of father’s. There is no thumb rule but in many cases these theories have shown truth. In case of hair treatments, we hardly consider anything except hair-oil and shampoo. There are many factors like diet, lifestyle, exercise, genetic inheritance, oral medicine nasal treatment etc. Our thinking limitations ate restricted to hair oils and shampoos because of the competitive advertisements in media. Many people ask “which is good a shampoo?” The answer to this question is “all are good if the pH is normal”. The most important part of shampoo is the pH should not be acidic or alkaline. The gimmick about herbal shampoos is that, these shampoos contain same chemicals as in the normal shampoo. It only contains little fraction percentage of herbal essence of may be a drop of herbal extract. They are 99.99% same as synthetic shampoo. Then calling them herbal is just a marketing gimmick. It is irrational to expect any added therapeutic effect from such shampoos. Shampoos are just emulsifiers, help to dissolve oily secretions and then wash away with water. They do not have any effect as far as the growth and strength of hair and also nothing to offer towards dandruff control. I don’t mean that chemical shampoos are harmful but using herbal shampoos and expecting some added benefits is absolutely illogical.
How to treat hair fall: There are herbs like Guduchi, Amla, Maka, Brahmi, Gokshur, Kasis, Mandoor, Shringa which stops hair fall in 5 to 7 days. There are some readymade formulations available in the market containing all these ingredients in proper dosage. The oral treatment must be taken for 3 months and should be repeated for another 3 months after a gap of 2-3 weeks. The reason is the body gets used to the recipe and then does not respond unless a break is given. Besides this, oil is the essential constituent for treating hair fall. But only application of oil over the head is not sufficient. It is just like spraying water or fertilizers on the leaves of the plant which does not serve the purpose of nurturing the plant. The oil should reach the base of the scalp. It can be achieved only by putting the drops of oil in the nostrils. Ayurveda defines this treatment modality as Nasya. One should lie down on a bed with the neck tilted down and then put 4 drops of oil in both nostrils. Various formulations are recommended according to the constitution of an individual. For general purpose, plain Til oil (oil expressed from sesame seeds) is good. Chemotherapy treatment is one cause of extreme hair fall. To prevent this, fresh Amla juice 30 to 40 ml twice daily is recommended. This should be started 2 weeks prior to the treatment schedule. It not only prevents hair fall but also supports the treatment and accelerates the healing process owing to strong antioxidant property of this miracle fruit. In case of alopecia areata, (a patchy hair fall) paste made from seed of Jamalgota (Croton seed) should be applied once in a week over the hairless patch. It irritates a lot and some times even blisters may appear on the area. In such event, application of coriander paste can suppress the symptoms.
1. Use any shampoo of standard company, its pH should be neutral.
2. Shampoo does not stop the formation of Dandruff, it just helps to wash.
3. Oral medicine is essential to facilitate adequate nutrition to the hair root.
4. Drink fresh Amla (Indian gooseberry) juice regularly.
5. Reduce salt intake and avoid recipes containing more salt like pickles and papad.
6. Nasal medication (Oil drops) is inevitable for getting assured results.
7. Sleep in time, getup in early and perform little but regular exercise.

Dr. Santosh Jalukar (Mumbai)
Tel.: 9969106404

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Alzheimer's and Dementia

21st September is recognized as “World Alzheimer’s day”. It is wrong to say that this day is celebrated as “World Alzheimer’s day” because celebrations are associated for fun or good memories. In case of Alzheimer’s disease, there are sufferings hidden in the disease process. This article may help to find a ray of hope to all Alzheimer sufferers. Today we are completing 103 years to discover the Alzheimer’s disease but still there are lots of gray areas in the field in terms of understanding the cause, diagnosing it and getting proper treatment to find the solution.
What is Alzheimer’s disease?
Alzheimer’s disease is a type of mental disorder which affects the process of memory related functions of the brain. As on date, it is considered as incurable disease. The progress of Alzheimer’s disease is very slow but affects permanently which wipes out the process of thinking, judgmental skills and finally an affected person becomes incompetent to carry on day-to-day activities for his own survival. Most of the cases are over the age of 60 but the pathology of this disease starts 10-15 years before the symptoms are noticed. At the beginning, the symptoms are taken very casually where the seriousness is hardly known to anybody. Gradually the disease spreads in other parts of the brain which interferes with all the physiological functions of the brain.
Medically, it is recognized as gradual degeneration of the brain tissue. The disease is named based on the observations done by German psychiatrist and neuropathologist Alois Alzheimer in 1906. He was the first to correlate the symptoms of memory loss and the structural changes in the brain of a lady after she died. He found that the brain of the lady had tangles and a plaque made from protein fragments and the entire structure was drastically changed. It is now over 103 years after the disease is known to the medical fraternity but there is no remedy to cure it.
What is the cause?
The short answer to this question is “Not known”. There are some imaginary theories based on epidemiological data as follows:
1) Depressed individuals are more prone to Alzheimer’s disease.
2) Statins (the drugs given for cholesterol lowering) increase the incidence Alzheimer’s disease. Recent research from Prof. Yeon-Kyun Shin, Iowa State University has recently published a report on his exhaustive work on this subject.
3) It is likely that the causes include genetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors. A gene located on chromosome 19 is associated with late onset Alzheimer's disease.
4) Other risk factors for Alzheimer's disease include high blood pressure (hypertension), coronary artery disease, diabetes, and possibly elevated blood cholesterol.
5) Some studies have found that women have more risk for Alzheimer's disease than men.
6) Few studies have proven that Alzheimer’s disease is more prevalent in cases of previous head injuries.
7) It is also studied that Estrogen therapy after menopause triggers Alzheimer’s disease.
But these causes are completely hypothetical. There is no concrete data available to understand the real cause. Hence it is extremely difficult to adopt any precautionary measure to prevent or treat Alzheimer’s disease.
Since medical fraternity has hardly anything to offer for Alzheimer’s disease, caregiver plays a major role in management of such cases. Common suggestions are given to the sufferers like regular exercise, good diet, peace of mind, hygienic surroundings, pleasant atmosphere with cheerful communication etc. Practically all these recommendations are good for any individual for overall health and wellbeing. There is nothing specific attributed to Alzheimer’s disease.
What is the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease?
The shortest answer to this question is “No treatment”. According to modern medicine, when the cause is not clearly understood, how can there be a solution? Most of the diseases of infectious origin, the causative organism is detected and hence it becomes easy to find a recipe to overcome the infection. In the diseases of systemic origin, the pathophsiology is understood properly and the treatment becomes easy. In Alzheimer’s, the picture is different. The disease mechanism is unknown and hence “No treatment”. There is one drug, Donepezil which is used to treat symptoms of Alzheimer's disease in individuals with mild to moderate illness. The drug may cause small improvements in dementia for a short period of time, but donepezil does not stop the progression of Alzheimer's disease. Donepezil helps prevent the breakdown of acetylcholine in the brain, thus temporarily increasing its concentration. In doing so, it improves the thinking process by facilitating nerve impulse transmission within the brain. Diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting occur more often with the 10-mg dose than the 5-mg dosage. Other side effects are abnormal dreams, depression, drowsiness, fainting, loss of appetite, weight loss, frequent urination, arthritis, easy bruising, difficulty in sleeping, dizziness, nausea, muscle cramps, headache, or other pains. Donepezil is not safe as it also has interaction with many other medicines which alter its effects. Since there is no other option left, Donepezil is prescribed for Alzheimer’s. The medical field should have open doors to welcome newer ideas and safe drugs to treat this dreadful condition.
What other alternative?
Considering the patho-physiology of the disease, it is rational to think whether Ayurveda can offer something in Alzheimer’s? It is true that the disease was not mentioned in Ayurveda by this name but there many recipes mentioned to treat various kinds of mental, psychological and emotional disorders. While studying the subject, many hidden things came out which are of immense importance in managing Alzheimer’s disease. Few important references are given below to scientific thinkers.
1) Nasal medication has immediate access to the brain as it bypasses the blood brain barrier. Hence the nasal route would be the best route to treat Alzheimer’s disease. Ayurveda has mentioned very clearly that nose is the gateway to brain and diseases attributed to Central Nervous System can be successfully treated only with nasal medication. American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists (AAPS) has published a research paper on this concept and the conclusion is “In summary, the advantages of intranasal delivery are considerable. It is both rapid and non-invasive. It bypasses the BBB and targets the CNS, reducing systemic exposure and thus systemic side effects. Even for drugs that can cross the BBB, it can reduce systemic side effects by reducing the need for the drug to enter the systemic circulation. It does not require any modification of the therapeutic agent being delivered and should work for a wide range of drugs. Intranasal delivery may facilitate the treatment and prevention of many different neurologic and psychiatric disorders”.
S Talegaonkar, PR Mishra; Indian J Pharmacol June 2004 Vol 36 Issue 3; 140-147
2) Human brain is made of approximately 70% fat and 30% protein. Therefore it has a natural affinity towards lipids for its normal functioning. Considering references from Ayurvedic texts, cow ghee is the best available lipid and has 3 different actions on the nervous system. Acquisition, storage and recall are the 3 basic functions of the brain and cow ghee possess the properties to enhance these three fold brain functions. It is as simple to understand that water is not easily soluble to oil but another oil or ghee can easily be absorbed. Therefore water-soluble or water based drugs do not penetrate the brain easily. This concept also goes very scientifically with the research on new drug in Europe for Huntington’s disease. Huntington’s disease ("HD") is a genetic neurodegenerative disease characterized by movement disorder, dementia and psychiatric disturbance. Early symptoms might affect cognitive ability or mobility and include depression, mood swings, forgetfulness, clumsiness, involuntary twitching and lack of coordination. Later, concentration and short-tem memory diminish, and involuntary movements of the head, trunk and limbs increase. Eventually, the person is unable to care for himself or herself. Death follows from complications including choking, infection or heart failure. The drug developed for treating this is basically an Omega 3 based fatty acid, given orally and has proved quite effective. The drug is in the process of launching world-wide in a short span of time. Ayurveda has given emphasis on Cow Ghee which is also a fat, easily available and has been an household item of Indian kitchen.
3) A brain wave ‘p300’ is linked to memory and learning. The faster the rate of transmission, the brain functions more efficiently. Researchers took 26 volunteers hooked them with electrodes and checked their p300 rate. Immediately after taking the test, they were given DHA (derivative of Omega-3). Two hours later, their brain waves were measured, and this time the p300 rate was significantly faster in the group. This supports importance of lipids in the neurotransmission as well. What Ayurveda has recommended also goes very much hand in hand with this research. Therefore in Indian tradition, it is customary to put few drops of oil (the purpose is to introduce a fatty substance) during massage given since infancy period.
Myanaga, K., K. Yonemura, and K. Yazawa.
International Conference on Highly Unsaturated Fatty Acids in Nutrition and Disease Prevention. 1996 Barcelona, Spain.
4. The nasal route is studied for the administration of systemically active drugs because delivery is convenient, reliable and rapid. A drug developed was administered through Nasal route and the florescent imaging showed that the absorption is 100 ± 30 % just within 1.5 minutes
Ref: Maria Dahlin and Erik Björk; Department of Pharmacy, Division of Pharmaceutics, Uppsala University, Biomedical Center, SE-751 23 Uppsala, Sweden
5. Another research from VA Medical center, San Francisco, USA which is published in the journal “Future Neurology” in 2008 says that ‘The nose may help the brain; intranasal drug delivery for treating neurological diseases.
There are end number of research papers published which give us a guideline to treat neurological diseases and which could be a breakthrough in treating Alzheimer’s disease. Not only Ayurveda but even modern research also supports the concept of treating the brain diseases through nasal route. Importance of Lipids in neurological diseases is also established by modern medicine which is evident in Ayurvedic classics. Indian traditional way of life supports the theory of using unctuous substances for lubricating the sense organs which are the sensory paths to access the central nervous system. In spite of that why do we still pursue the issue of Alzheimer’s disease?
When should one start Nasal treatment?
The symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease start appearing after 10 to 15 years later after the actual pathology starts in the brain. Therefore it is extremely important to start the treatment at the age of 50.
There are many herbs proven to have phenomenal improvement in the brain at the cellular level. The well known are Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri), Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera), Shankhapushpi (Evolvulus alsinoides), Vacha (Acorus calamus), Saffron (Crocus sativus), Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum) etc. Oral medicines find difficulty in reaching the brain as there is a physiological mechanism called Blood Brain Barrier which prohibits the absorption. Therefore it is practical to use these herbs in the form of nasal medication and also should be processed by special method called “Sneha - Paka - Widhi” described in Ayurveda. This will bypass the Blood Brain Barrier and allow the active herbal constituents to reach the central nervous system and arrest the progress of Alzheimer’s eventually. Besides this, the nasal medication also helps to improve vision, arrest hair fall, prevent graying of hair, improve hearing and many other diseases attributed to ENT and supra-clavicular disorders. Like synthetic drugs have side effects, Ayurvedic drugs have side benefits. Unknowingly these formulations impart some added benefits and contribute to positive health achievements.
As on date, there is no technique available to detect or forecast the Alzheimer’s disease in advance. Therefore it is safe to start such nasal medication at the age of 50 and keep fingers crossed and think positive for gaining élan health in older age. Ayurveda recommends this nasal treatment should be done daily, 4 to 6 drops in both the nostrils, preferably in the morning or evening. It is good to take a sip of warm water after introducing the drops if there is a feeling of the contents coming in the throat. Since the base is ghee, the bottle should be made warm to liquefy the contents in case it is not properly flowing.
Considering the research in modern era and viewing the verses in Ayurveda it becomes evident that Ancient science has enormous hidden potential. It is rather a golden treasury for human beings but needs to be explored and understood properly. Many times it seems that Ayurveda has given short verse with big meaning which is equivalent to one doctorate in that field. It is just like a question asked and the answer given in Ayurveda, modern research helps to find the various steps involved in getting the answer.

Dr. Santosh Jalukar

№ 9969106404

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Memory Enhancement
For utmost intellectual performance…
Dr. Santosh Jalukar Phone: 9969 106 404
It is said that “intellectual strength is more important than just physical strength”. This is all time true statement. For significant achievement in any field, Intellectual performance is rather most important tool and there could be hardly anybody who will disagree to this. Every parent dreams about best scoring of their child in academics in all the fields. There are end numbers of products available in the market today claiming such therapeutic benefits and also new products are coming up every other day. It creates confusion amongst consumers as to which products are genuine and which are not. The advertisements are also rivalling and hence it is essential to identify the appropriate one. Besides this, what are the other treatment options, what are the correct doses, how these formulations work, how is the knowledge stored, how does the recall process work, what diet is good for nourishing the activity of brain, importance of diet, importance of prayers, significance of exercise and rest? Here you will find answers to all such questions and their scientific basis.
Three steps: While during common cold, blockage of olfactory nerve there is a total loss of sensation of smell. This is very common example experienced by most of the people. Similarly, if there is any kind of blockage in the optic nerve, the sensation of visual experience will be blocked; auditory nerve will result in impaired listening etc. For acquiring the knowledge, the body uses 5 sense organs. Ears, Skin, Eyes, Tongue and Nose are collectively called sense organs. The sensations experienced by these sense organs are transmitted to the brain. The sensory nerves conduct messages through chemical transmission and then they are stored in the brain. Unless the knowledge is stored properly, one can not use it at any point of time. To explain this concept, I wish to give one example. An infant, who is deaf since birth, remains dumb throughout the life. His vocal organs may be absolutely normal despite he could not process the knowledge of speaking which is essentially linked with hearing. Hence he or she will never know “what is word and how to pronounce it”. The prerequisite for uninterrupted transmission of these senses is to have the healthy state of the nerves and also they should be properly lubricated. The myelin sheath of nerves is made of about 80% lipid and about 20% protein. Therefore it is essential to maintain the lubrication by way of providing adequate unctuous vehicle. Proper lubrication to the sense organs help to improve the oxygenated blood supply and thereby help to establish the physiological functioning of specific sense organ. Applying a drop of oil or any other lubricant to finger facilitates inserting the odd-sized ring easily. This is an easy example to understand the importance in relation to the grasping ability of the sense organs. Oil and ghee are the main natural lubricants available since time immemorial. Ayurveda has described the properties of cow-ghee as follows:

It means that cow ghee improves grasping, storing and recall, the three aspects of brain function. It also stimulates appetite, improves quality of life, physical endurance, vigour and eyesight. Nose is the gateway of brain and any product introduced through the nostril has immediate access to the brain tissue. Even modern medicine has identified the potential of this path which bypasses the blood brain barrier and without much efforts, the valuable drug can be made bio-available in plasma and CSF in just 1.5 minutes. Use of nasal insulin is a well-known example to understand this phenomenon. Recently there is also nasal spray for calcium supplementation. Here is the first step towards improving the grasping capacity of the brain which mentions administration of ghee based product through nostrils. Ayurveda has described this mode of administration 5000 years ago by the name of ‘Nasya’ treatment. Besides cow-ghee, some valuable herbs like saffron help to impart phenomenal antioxidant effects on brain cells. It is scientifically proved and possesses a strong supporting reference. Nose is directly connected to the brain through olfactory apparatus; it is connected to ears through Eustachian tube, to eyes through lachrymal ducts. Therefore nasal treatment helps to restore the physiological functions of all these organs and nourish the brain’s grasping capacity. Ayurveda recommends 4-4 drops in each nostril daily to achieve the said therapeutic benefit. Despite improvement in intellectual competence, unknowingly this treatment imparts lots of other advantages like prevention of recurrent attacks of common cold, arrests hair fall, overcomes fatigue of eyes due to excess-reading, combats burning of eyes, protects occasional blocking of ears, protects vision defects etc. The ideal time to administer these nasal drops is early morning or late evening after the sun-set. One should lie-down for 5 minutes afterwards. Rarely the feeling of the drops coming into throat is noticed which may be ignored or one can have a sip of warm water. This nasal medication helps to speed up the grasping process of knowledge without any difficulty. A readymade preparation by the name of Cleverin nasal drops has been recently developed and approved by the Food and Drug administration which possess multiple therapeutic benefits attributed to grasping of knowledge by empowering the neurotransmission by cleansing and lubricating the sense organs.
Second Step: After grasping, the second step of improving the intellectual process is of increasing the storage capacity. The knowledge acquired has to be stored properly which can be utilised later as and when required. It is scientifically proved that the active constituents from herbs like Brahmi, Shankhapushpi, Shatavari, Ashwagandha helps in improving the intellectual performance by different mode of action. Some help by way of enhancement of protein kinase activity, Increase in protein in hippocampus, alleviate stress and help to minimize the release of stress hormone, some have neuro-regenerative activity, some help by improving the oxygenated blood supply to the brain and some prevent oxidative damage by imparting anti-oxidant activity. In short these herbs play a major role to improve the storage capacity of the brain. It is as simple to understand that if more books are ordered in the library, it becomes essential to make additional arrangement of accommodating them by adding number of shelves. Most of the marketed Ayurvedic and herbal formulations work on this principle. The activity starts in about 2 weeks. Nobody can deny the fact that memory related functions can’t be measured like body temperature. Even then their efficacy remains unquestionable as huge amount of data is available across the world and also the safety parameters are well established. The important aspect is to know the quantity of each item in the formulation. If inadequate quantities are consumed, one can not expect the therapeutic benefits in desired time. Besides improvement in intellectual abilities, these herbs also possess several other benefits like improvement in physical endurance, improves hemoglobin level, keep RBC, WBC in right shape, improves the immunity, hair melanin, prevent calcium depletion, and delay ageing process. Besides dosage, it is also important to check the taste of the product as children are very fussy about taste. The herbs are basically bitter in taste but many brands are available which mask the bitterness perfectly and make the product not only palatable but worth loving. Cleverol is one of such approved brands which possess chocolate flavour and acceptable palatability.
The third step: The 3rd and most important step of memory enhancement is the “recall process”. Many factors are responsible for affecting this process. Stress, fear, loud noise, lack of interest, inadequate exercise, wrong diet, weak concentration etc. are some major factors, which should be taken care of during the course of studies. Recently German researchers found they could use specific perfume at night to re-activate new memories in the brains of students during sleep and the volunteers remembered better on the next day. The test conducted showed the 97 % result and the control group performed only 84 %. During the studies, fMRI scan showed that the activity of Hippocampus was stimulated during inhalation of particular odour. Based on this research, a novel product in the form of Dhoop stick is prepared. This Cleveroma stick does not contain strong perfumes but it is composed by Ayurvedic aromatic herbs like Tulsi, Jatamansi etc. which improve the recall function of the brain. Students should light this stick in the bed room where they intend to sleep because the activity of hippocampus is at its best during sleep.
Prayers have scientific base: Prayers towards God and offering respect to seniors helps to strengthen the brain’s overall performance. This statement can be scientifically proved here. To understand this, we must match up few things together. It is an established fact that cortisol hormone is released due to stress or fear. This is therefore called stress hormone. Cortisol causes serious damage to the brain. Hence in acute and serious situations an individual becomes insane. He or she could not make any logical decision. Second situation when a child is thrown up, he laughs as he enjoys it. The confidence level of the child is to the extent that he is 100% sure about his security. Therefore in a situation where he should be afraid, he rather takes pleasure out of it. The hormone cortisol is not released and the brain remains away from its ill effects. A prayer towards God and offering respect to the seniors gradually builds the confidence level that a person feels enormous support. In olden days, it was a tradition but has a scientific base to offer respect to seniors and pray God before leaving for long journey. As there were no vehicles and even roads, people used to travel in either bullock-cart or ride on horses. Getting food during travel, climatic conditions, and possibility of attack from wild animals were major hurdles and only blessings used to be the moral support. The customs were simply followed but the hidden treasure is now understood by the modern world.
The purpose of lighting candle or oiled light during prayer also has a scientific implication as it plays a role of Tratak (a yogic practice for improving concentration). Lighting of Agarbatti and the aroma helps to improve the blood circulation to hippocampus which plays key role in recall process of the acquired knowledge. There are lots of Mantras to perform during prayers and the aroma helps to rehearse them in proper order and manner.
Importance of regular exercise: How much exercise you do is not important but how regular you perform it is rather more important. A 76 years old man reached the wedding hall slightly late for his own wedding is a fact known to the author. This was because he did not want to compromise with his exercise schedule. No doubt those taking rigorous exercise look well-built but, most of the times, their immunity is not up to mark. Their bones are also brittle and get fracture even with a small trauma. It is also found that such well-built individuals do not have an issue. This is because the optimum nutrition is utilized by the muscular portion and other systems remain under-nourished. Therefore is good to perform little but regular exercise. Apparently such people would not look as attractive in physical built, but their overall physical and intellectual abilities will be far better than a robust individual.
Intellectual exercise: As regular exercise can build good muscle power, same is the case with brain tissue. The more you keep them functioning, their performance will improve to the top. In the course of exercise, the muscular action is repeated in the same sequence many times which tones-up the muscle fibers. The brain also achieves improved ability by repetitively doing the same task. Forgetting is a natural process in living creatures. Man forgets more because his mind is diverted to too many subjects throughout the day. Intellectual performance can be further improved by meditation as it tones up the brain to stick to one subject and not to get diverted. Very few people remember the dreams on the next day. The only reason for this is the moment you get up, you see the watch, then think of the studies, then think of the bank balance, then the medicine to be consumed on empty stomach and so on. There are hundreds of such things that vanish off the experience of dream. Same is the case with studies. Try to focus more and more on the task and nothing other than your commitments. This is nothing but an intellectual exercise.
Some important things about diet: Human digestive system is fabricated by the creator of the universe for consuming vegetables only. If non-veg diet is cherished; make sure that it should not be more than once a week. There is a special recipe described in Ayurveda by the name “Pancha Khadya” which contains following 5 items. Dry dates, Raw dates, Coconut, Poppy seeds and cane sugar. This recipe helps to improve various brain functions and is extremely delicious too. Instead of fast-food, wafers, wada-pav, biscuits etc, this can be a best alternative to schooling children as recess time breakfast.
Tatak: Focusing vision at a particular point like a flame of candle or agarbatti light for 2-3 minutes can help to improve concentration.
Many people ask as how long should the treatment be continued. It is essential to understand that these recommendations should not be considered as treatments. The recommendations are for improving intellectual performance. For better understanding, I always quote one example. Regular exercise is good for health. There are many people who do not perform any exercise at all even then they survive. But ultimately an overall health profile of both such individuals will differ in long term. These recommendations improve mental well being and also physical fitness. It is up to the consumer as how long they wish to be fit and fine.

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Fatness To Fitness
From Fatness to Fitness; Ayurvedic approach

In clinical practice few patients ask treatment for putting on weight and many come for reducing the weight. Very few are happy with their own physical condition. No doubt that very slim or very obese, both conditions are not healthy. Even then if you look health wise, it is good to be slim than being obese. It is very difficult to trim down when you become obese. Not only it looks ugly but also such people are predisposed to number of diseases like High blood pressure, High cholesterol, Type 2 diabetes, Stroke, Gallbladder disease, Osteoarthritis, Heartburn, Snoring, Shortness of breath, some category of cancer, Depression and also infertility. The lifespan of obese is obviously less than slim people. Therefore it is good to be slim than dreaming to put on weight. Overweight makes an individual less active which again tends to increase weight and finally leading to unhealthy situation. The consequences of obesity are well-known to even laymen and hence the obesity clinics have huge number of cases all over the world. It is essential to understand the causes, various treatment modalities, know the effects and side-effects of treatments, diet management, exercise importance and lifestyle modulation for obesity.

Two types of obese personalities: In the society we find people with insatiable appetite and because of over-eating; they tend to put on weight. Another group habitually consumes very less amount of food even then they become obese. Therefore it is essential to understand the constitution before initiating the treatment. Ayurveda has described different approach considering such constitutional variation. The usual anti-obesity herbal formulations have thermogenic effect which naturally tends to stimulate appetite. Adipose tissue (Fats) is like wax which melts on heating and becomes hard when cooled down. The thermogenic (heat generating) herbs are essential while considering obesity regime. In classical textbooks of Ayurveda, out of 29 herbs mentioned for obesity treatment, 20 of them are found in appetite stimulating formulations. It simply proves that anti-obesity formulations may affect appetite in different way. When considering the treatment modality of obesity, it is therefore more logical to consider two factors. The first composition should low down appetite and second to burn the deposited calories in the body. Long-term fasting reduces body weight because the digestive enzymes catabolize the tissues starting with mucous membrane, then muscles and adipose tissue. When such enzymes are stimulated, they will naturally trigger the activity and in turn help to trim down the body weight.

Three way approach: Appetite suppressing herbs are not much known except for Garciania and Hoodia. There are many research papers having controversial views about the efficacy of these herbs. Looking deep into Ayurvedic literature, there are many herbs mentioned for appetite stimulation and “Pitta shaman” group have very activity to reduce the appetite. Various globally acclaimed research journals have also published supportive data to validate the actions of these herbs. The two way approach to overcome obesity problem is therefore very scientific and has also clinically proven benefits. The appetite lowering herbs reduce the enzyme flow, strengthen the mucous membrane of digestive system to tolerate the thermogenic effect of anti-obesity herbs. The appetite lowering herbs also possess the property to lower the serum cholesterol levels in the blood which is an added advantage. The appetite lowering composition works best when consumed within 30 minutes before meals and the calorie burning composition does wonders when consumed within 2 hours after meals. The calorie burning composition otherwise may create some side effects like heart-burn, headache and regurgitation of food but the appetite lowering formula guards the possible unwanted effects. Thus a two way anti-obesity treatment has no side effects but added side benefits while treating obesity.

Why such formulations cause weight gain when the treatment is discontinued? Most of the anti-obesity products possess only thermogenic properties to achieve lipolytic results. As seen earlier, they also stimulate the enzyme secretions. While the treatment is in progress, they inhibit the absorption of fats and effective eliminate it from the body. The effect on the physiological function remains constant. When an individual discontinues the treatment, the accelerated enzyme flow remains constant and thereby the appetite increases. It naturally affects the food intake and weight gain restarts.

How can you tackle obesity?
It is observed that many people advise obese individuals to reduce the food intake and perform physical exercise rather than taking medicines. Here we need to understand 2 aspects:
1. The obese individual possesses more area in the physiological body where oxygen is needed for tissue survival. It is as simple to understand that a bigger joint family requires more grains and grocery. Hence an obese individual can not enjoy a healthy life without adequate intake. Therefore it is near to impossible for the obese individuals to cut down the intake drastically.
2. About physical exercise: Just imagine a healthy man of 40 years whose height is ideal for his body weight is asked to carry 30 kg of weight and walk for 40 minutes on a plain road or climb stairs on 5th floor. It will be extremely tiring and exhausting for him. Same thing happens with an obese individual. Expecting him to walk for 40 minutes daily or climbing is therefore too strenuous for him. Therefore he needs an assistance of medicinal inputs for physiological balancing of caloric intake and caloric expenditure.
3. Another aspect of obesity is hereditary which is linked to genetics. It is true to some extent but it is also important to understand that specific diet habits and lifestyle remains unchanged in families from generations to generations. Therefore blaming genetics only will not solve the problem.

Scientific perspective of CHR’s Slimming Kit
A set of 3 products formulated scientifically for achieving these benefits in short time span and lead quality life.
a) The first one, LIMIN tablets, helps to limit the intake moderately.
b) The second, CALEX tablets, increases caloric expenditure by enhancing the flow of digestive enzymes.
c) Third, GUDLAX powder, which stimulates the intestinal purging and thereby helps proper emptying of the bowel.
Adipose tissue is like wax which melts on heating and solidifies on cooling. Most of the single formulations used for obesity treatment are thermogenic (heat producing). Therefore they help to melt the fat and thereby help to take care for obesity. Ironically, thermogenic ingredients also possess the property of stimulating digestive enzymes and hence simultaneously increase appetite.
The effect of calorie burning and appetite spur work together. Therefore there are following therapeutic actions in the physiological activity:
* Increase the enzymatic flow in the digestive tract
* Burn some extra calories ingested
* Stimulate appetite
* Cause hyperacidity and heart burn
* Increase in appetite may further boost up food intake and in turn again add some calories.
In order to break this vicious sequence, it is judicious to have a better composition to balance the process appropriately. To understand this phenomenon correctly, one should recall the physiology of digestion and then the correlation of therapeutic activity of LIMIN, CALEX and GUDLAX.
The digestive glands that act first are in the mouth; the salivary glands. Saliva produced by these glands contains an enzyme that begins to digest the starch from food into smaller molecules. An enzyme is a substance that speeds up chemical reactions in the body.
The next set of digestive glands is in the stomach lining. They produce stomach acid and an enzyme that digests protein. A thick mucus layer coats the mucosa and helps keep the acidic digestive juice from dissolving the tissue of the stomach itself. In most people, the stomach mucosa is able to resist the juice, although food and other tissues of the body cannot.
After the stomach empties, the food and juice mixture passes to the small intestine, the juices of two other digestive organs mix with the food. One of these organs, the pancreas, produces a juice that contains a wide array of enzymes to break down the carbohydrate, fat, and protein in food. Other enzymes that are active in the process come from glands in the wall of the intestine.
The second organ, the liver, produces yet another digestive juice—bile. Bile is stored between meals in the gallbladder. At mealtime, it is squeezed out of the gallbladder, through the bile ducts, and into the intestine to mix with the fat in food. The bile acids dissolve fat into the watery contents of the intestine, much like detergents that dissolve grease from a frying pan. After fat is dissolved, it is digested by enzymes from the pancreas and the lining of the intestine.
Herbs rich in fiber bind with the cholesterol and thereby help to eliminate the cholesterol from the alimentary tract. The contents of LIMIN act by this way and help not only to minimize the appetite but also regulate the lipid contents in the blood.
Movement of Food through the System
Several factors affect emptying of the stomach, including the kind of food and the degree of muscle action of the emptying stomach and the small intestine. Carbohydrates, for example, spend the least amount of time in the stomach, while protein stays in the stomach longer, and fats stay for the longest. As the food dissolves into the juices from the pancreas, liver, and intestine, the contents of the intestine are mixed and pushed forward to allow further digestion. Since Fats remain in undigested form for longest time, the possibility of re-absorption is higher. Here comes the role of GUDLAX, which helps to eliminate the bowel contents promptly and thereby successfully achieves the 3rd step of weight management.

Importance of diet and lifestyle: It is needles to emphasize the importance of diet and lifestyle while considering successful conquer in obesity. I am purposely avoiding mentioning things like “stay away from sweets, fried food, chocolates etc.” as these are very common and a schooling child would also know about such suggestions. There are small things making exceptional outcome as far as obesity is concerned.
1. Never consume sweets at the end of meals even if it is routine to have desserts at the end. Principally obesity arises due to extra intake and less expenditure of calories. To understand the idea behind this phenomenon, you can perform an exercise. Consume your usual food and then end with a calculated quantity of sweet. Next day, start your meal with same quantity of sweet and then begin your usual food. You will notice that the food intake will be almost half than your normal intake. This is how you can reduce the caloric intake and immediately start feeling lightness of body.
2. Fruits contain good amount of sugar. The peel of the fruit contains astringent properties which balances the sugar. This arrangement is made by Mother Nature to combat the unwanted effects sugar. Hence, as and when possible, it is recommended to consume fruits along with the outer skin for added health benefits. It is easy to have apple, chickoo, mangoes and some grains with the skin. The concept of consuming brown bread (whole wheat bread) is supportive to this statement. The reason of adding saffron or nutmeg to sweets is to compensate the sugar with little amount of bitter or astringent taste which resists the unwanted effect of sugar.
3. Water is essential component for maintaining the electrolyte balance in the body. It also helps for accelerating the digestive process and proper assimilation of food. Cold water obstructs the flow of digestive enzymes and hence leads to digestive disorders leading to obesity. Therefore if you are serious about slimming, avoid consuming cold water intake or even other chilled beverages unless very essential. Some countries in East serve only warm water to household guests or even in restaurants, which is really a good practice for health conscious individuals.
4. Consuming water at the end of meals also leads to more heaviness in the abdomen. It weakens the concentration of digestive enzymes which slows down the digestive process leading to more accumulation of adipose (fat) tissue. If you are serious about slimming, you may drink little amount of water at the beginning of meals.
5. Tea and coffee is offered several times for any walk-in visitor in office or at home. While offering, we also have a tendency to share little amount each time. The sugar intake with such numerous times may lead to high caloric intake unknowingly which may become major health issue in long-term.
6. Avoid sleeping immediately after meals. The calories consumed need mild physical exercise when the stomach is full. Taking rest after meals leads to weight gain.
7. Early to bed and early to rise, that’s the way to be healthy, wealthy and wise. Even if the proverb is pretty old, it is true and good to follow. It is observed that most of the obese people have late sleeping habit and hence they get-up quite late.
8. Milk and other dairy products have substantial amount of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. These nutrients get converted to fats easily if the body has excess of storage. In short, better to be vegan for slimming.
9. Human body is created by the creator of nature for consuming vegetarian food only. After in-depth study of human physiology, it is evident that man is born to be herbivorous. If at all you are fond of Non-vegetarian food, consume it in moderation, once or maximum twice in a week and that too only during lunch.
10. Sedentary lifestyle is yet another cause of obesity. Keep working, be active, avoid laziness in life which will keep you healthy and fit.
11. Sleeping during day time is extremely unhealthy. It is not only bad for obesity but can lead to many other health complications.
12. The sense of fullness of stomach is signaled by the brain and hence the brain gives the instructions to the body to stop taking food. This sensation is passed on by the hypothalamus of the brain after about 10 to 15 minutes of the capacity of the stomach. Therefore it is good to wait for some time after certain quantity of food intake. The brain will then direct the sense of satiety and prohibit you to accept more food.
13. Form a habit of limited intake. This is especially for those who have the habit for eating huge amount of food. If you gradually reduce your intake, your body will get used to it and then without feeling of weakness, you will succeed in achieving the sense of lightness of the body.
14. There are many controversies about number of intakes in a day. It is a sincere attempt to explain you the right way for better health. Do not keep starving more than a time span of 8 hours and avoid repeat food intake within 4 hours after initial intake.
15. Little but regular exercise is most important rather than performing rigorous exercise for body building. It is observed that apparently healthy and muscular people (those who are keen on body building) have low immunity. They have weak bones and even minor accidents can cause fractures very soon in them. Their intellectual excellence is also seldom seen. They suffer from frequent digestive upsets with negligible changes in food habits. The reason is that the nutritional constituents are utilized by the muscular tissue and other systems in the body remain unattended and remain undernourished. Whereas, individuals performing little but regular exercise have better health profile.
Last but not the least, one should understand that medicines contribute only 5% to health but good diet and regular exercise contributes 95%. Hence it is irrational to depend on medication for health concerns, whether synthetic modern medicines, homoeopathic, Ayurvedic or any other branch of medicine in the world. Ayurveda has identified many such formulations and the summary of the studies is mentioned in the original texts of Ayurveda. Modern research is simply trying to find the mode of action of the herbs and then get a satisfaction of a step of achievement. It is rather impossible for the most sophisticated research laboratories in the world to recognize that how Ayurvedic scientists of the then time would have conducted research activities and gathered such a treasury of knowledge for mankind.

Dr. Santosh Jalukar

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