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Bleeding from the gums is mainly due to inadequate plaque removal from the teeth at the gum line. This will lead to a condition called gingivitis, or inflamed gums. If plaque is not removed through regular brushing and dental appointments, it will harden into what is known as tartar. Ultimately, this will lead to increased bleeding and a more advanced form of gum and jawbone disease known as periodontitis.


When you check your mouth, see if you have any of these:

Gums are red,soft,puffy or swollen
Gums bleeding during brushing or flossing
Teeth that look longer caused by gum recession
Gums separating ,or pulling away, from teeth
Teeth shifting or loosing
Changes in the way you teeth fit when biting
Constant bad breath or a bad taste in mouth
Pus coming from between teeth and gums

Any of the above might indicate gum disease.
Common cause of bleeding gums:
Gingivitis from inadequate plaque removal
Periodontitis( advanced form of gingivitis)
Toothbrush abrasion,improper flossing
Infection,which can be either tooth or gum-related
Chemical irritants such as aspirin
Placement of new dentures can lead to denture sores/irritation
Teething in babies and young children.
Pregnancy,blood-thining medications,or bleeding disorders,each can cause gums to bled easily
Lack vitamins, such as vitamin K or vitamin C,or medical problems, such as anemia,that interfere with the body’s ability to absorb certain vitamins.

The following tips can help prevent gum disease

Floss at least once a day
Brush after every meal
Use a water pick to help flush out food from between teeth
Have your teeth professionally cleaned twice a year
Use a mouth rinse to help prevent bacteria buildup in the mouth
Have regular checkups with your dentist

Dr Sumit Dubey
New Delhi

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