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Category : All ; Cycle : May 2015
Medical Articles
World Tobacco Day
Today is World Tobacco day. You all know that tobacco causes cancer- cancers in almost all the organs of our body.
But what else? can it affect your sexual and reproductive life?
In female- it causes problems in menstruation, irregular periods and abnormal amount of bleeding. In addition, it causes difficulty in having baby- by interfering with normal hormone release.
Even if pregnancy occurs, the ending may not be happy one. It is responsible for repeated pregnancy loss (repeated miscarriages), ectopic pregnancy (pregnancy outside the uterus- that cannot survive, on the other hand it can endanger mother's life). It also causes abnormal bleeding in pregnancy by early separation of placenta (the flower) and thus endangering life of both mother and baby. It is also responsible for inadequate growth of baby inside the uterus. This can result in early delivery (premature baby), ow birth weight, permanent damage to baby's brain (mental retardation) and other organs, even death of the baby before or soon after birth. Tobacco also causes early rupture of membranes during pregnancy ("breaking of water") causing preterm delivery and infection.
As a result of hormonal deficiency caused by tobacco, there may be infertility and other hormonal problems like sexual dysfunction (dryness especially), discomfort in passing urine and bone pain (all due to hormone deficiency).
In older women it can cause prolapse (coming down of uterus outside).

In males- tobacco is responsible for low sperm count, low motility and abnormalities in sperms. The result is male infertility.
It can also cause hormonal problems in males leading to sexual dysfunction and bone loss.
It is responsible for erectile dysfunction and also premature ejaculation.

So, the decision is yours whether to choose tobacco or to choose life.

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Treatment for Genital tuberculosis in Males and Females
Tuberculosis is a rampant disease in developing countries like India-and one that cuts across all classes. Tuberculosis of the genital tract occurs quite commonly following tuberculosis infection anywhere else in the body. It mainly spreads through the blood stream to the genital organs. When the infection invades the reproductive system (the genital tract), it commonly targets the fallopian tubes and the uterus and may lower your chances of conception. Women between the age of 20 and 40 years are most susceptible.

Female genital tuberculosis is fast emerging as a major health issue that affects fertility levels in women. Doctors say tuberculosis is a major cause of infection leading to infertility among 25-30% of women in India. There is an increasing trend of genital tuberculosis among women. The infection can attack the ovaries, uterus and tubes leading to infertility problems among women. The disease is also becoming more evident among men causing infertility. Even among men, who are responsible in 50% of infertility cases, tuberculosis is a major reason for infection.

Is it possible that TB increases the infertility issues in couples?

TB (Tuberculosis) is the infectious disease and infertility is the inability to conceive. Yes TB can cause infertility, but usually it does not show any kind of symptoms until the infection has advanced to a severe level and can affect the infertility in women as well as in men. In the woman it causes tuberculosis in uterus and fallopian tubes where as in the man it cause tuberculosis of epididymo orchitis, as a result of which no sperm can get into the semen.

TB only cause infertility when it infects the genital tract, which is very hard to diagnose and called as genital TB. Genital TB is responsible for infertility in 5-10% of women. The only way to diagnose this TB is by culturing the tubercle bacillus from the tissue and sent it to the lab for testing.

Know in detail about Genital Tuberculosis, its symptoms, treatment available and for the investigation procedure at

What is genital tuberculosis?

Tuberculosis or TB is a bacterium which can affect any part of your body, but most often affects the lungs. The primary infection in the lungs is known as pulmonary tuberculosis. In some cases the TB infection moves through the blood to other parts of the body. It can thus cause secondary infections in the genital tract, pelvic area, kidneys, spine and brain. When the bacterium reaches the genital tract it causes genital tuberculosis or pelvic TB. It affects the genital tract (in both men and women), fallopian tubes, uterus, and ovaries. In some cases it also affects the cervix, vagina and vulva.

How does genital TB spread?

What are the symptoms of genital TB?

Treatment Option for genital TB

How can genital TB affect my fertility?

How to screen for tubal scarring?

Several methods can help detect the tubal involvement. Sonography helps in diagnosing pus in the tubes, while hysterosalpingography helps to diagnose blocked tubes. Laparoscopy is a direct visualisation of the tubes giving us an opportunity to take a biopsy from the suspected lesions. TB-PCR from the endometrium or the inner lining of the uterus (a tissue sample is taken and cultured to detect the genetic make-up of the bacteria) is a newer test for diagnosis of tuberculosis. Routine blood tests such as CBC, ESR assist in the diagnosis. Permanent damage may be avoided if anti-tubercular drugs are started in the early phase of the disease.

Read the whole article about investigation procedures and treatment options for Genital Tuberculosis at

If a family member or colleague is an active TB patient, then people around them need to be cautious and should go for tests like chest X-Ray, tuberculin test to know whether they have been hit by TB or not. Two out of 10 women suffering from TB cannot bear children. Doctors say that nearly 90% of women with genital tuberculosis (GTB) are diagnosed in the 15-40 years age range. Infertility on account of GTB is 40-80%. Experts say that with advanced medical treatment now available, if the diagnosis is early enough, GTB can be treated and the woman can regain fertility.

Various patients neglect the diagnostic test for TB when they are unable to conceive, but it might be the major cause for your infertility problem. So it would be good to test and ensure the root cause of infertility. Rupal Hospital for Women is a premier leader in women's healthcare since 45 long years and is committed in providing women with the highest quality and most advanced healthcare throughout all stages of their lives. The team of doctors at Rupal Hospital believes in the power of information and in spreading education to patients. When the patient is detected with infertility and all test are done, we at Rupal hospital advise our patients to go for all test including blood test, Hysterosalpingography, Ultrasonography, Cervical cytology, Endoscopy, Laparoscopy, Hysteroscopy and Cystoscopy. If the patient is detected with genital tuberculosis, we advise them to complete the entire course of the treatment. It is a course of antibiotics that lasts about six to eight months. We at Rupal hospital make them aware that once the course for GTB is over there are chances of achieving normal pregnancy.

You can contact our team of doctors for any information on GTB, how to diagnose GTB, treatment options available for Genital tuberculosis and to know the chances of conceiving after diagnosed with GTB at

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Diarrhoeal Illness in Children
Diarrhea management in children
Passage of 3 or more loose stools in 24 hours period is considered diarrhea. A change in consistency and frequency of stool pattern is noticed by parents. It is estimated that on average a child under 5 years of age will have approximately 3.2 episodes of diarrhea per year. The loss of liquids caused by diarrhea can lead to dehydration and disturbances in body electrolytes which may require medical treatment.
What causes diarrhea in children?
Gastrointestinal tract infections – Mostly Viral, also bacterial and protozoal are the cause of diarrhea. Many a times there may be a non-infectious cause of diarrhea (antibiotic induced, lactose intolerance, etc.)
Additional complaints
Child having diarrhea can also have Vomiting, Fever, Abdominal Pain and Decreased Appetite.
What can parents do at home?
ORS (Oral rehydration solution) should be started for child having loose motions. Parents can also start with home available fluids like dal water, sugar-salt solution (Half teaspoon salt+ 8 teaspoon sugar added to a liter of clean 1 liter water). Parents should consult doctor urgently if:
1. Child is becoming very sleepy or irritable
2. Child is having multiple vomiting and is not able to drink ORS
3. Eyes of child look sunken into the orbit.
4. Child is passing blood in stools
Medical management of diarrhea:
World Health Organization emphasizes on 3 points in management of any acute childhood diarrhea. These are ORS, Feeding and Zinc supplementation. Since most of diarrhea episodes are due to viral infections most children recover with ORS and Zinc therapy. Feeding should not be stopped during diarrhea. Doctor examines the child to look for any dehydration (decrease in body water), rule out possible bacterial cause of diarrhea (which might require antibiotics), other causes of loose motions (transitional stooling in newborns, increased gastro colic reflex, toddlers diarrhea etc.). Antibiotics are not required for every case of diarrhea. Stool or blood tests are not required usually but doctor may decide to perform some tests if diarrhea gets prolonged to more than 2 weeks and in some other conditions.
How to Prevent Diarrhea:
1. Hand washing - after playing outdoors, after going to toilets, before having meals.
2. Prevent eating out at places that seem to have doubtful hygiene standards.
3. Exclusive breast feeding for first 6 months of life prevents diarrhoea episodes in young infants; Bottle feeds can prolong a diarrhoea episode and can be a cause of recurrent loose motions in a child
4. Vaccine: Vaccine to prevent diarrhea caused by Rotavirus is available.

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Cold And Cough in Children
Cold and Cough in Children – The common facts
Most of the hospital visits by parents of children, especially younger ones, are for complaints of cold and cough. Parents are usually concerned because of accompanying fever in most of cases. Majority of these episodes of illness are VIRAL in origin and as such medical treatment is symptomatic and no antibiotic is required.
Cold is a VIRAL illness in which symptoms of running nose and blocked nose are common. The first symptom is often sore or scratchy throat, followed by blocked nose and finally runny nose. Around 1/3 cases of cold are associated with cough. Other complaints like fever, headache, body ache and tiredness can also occur. Usually episode of cold and cough lasts about 1 week and 10% cases may last for 2 weeks. Colds occur year –round , but more common in August- October and April- May due to increased activity of RHINOVIRUS. Other viruses like RSV can cause cold between December to April.
Young children (up to 3-4 years of life) have average of 6-8 colds per year and 15% children have at up to 12 cold episodes per year i.e. one per month. The cold episodes decrease with age and by adulthood average of 2-3 episodes per year are reported. Parents should seek medical opinion early if following complaints occur:
1. Child refuses to drink anything for long period of time.
2. Change in behavior of child- either very sleepy or very irritable.
3. Difficulty in breathing.
Antibiotics are not effective in treating colds. They may be necessary if the cold is complicated by a bacterial infection, like an ear infection, pneumonia, or sinusitis. Inappropriate use of antibiotics can lead to the development of antibiotic resistance, and can possibly lead to side effects, such as an allergic reaction.
Simple hygiene measures can help to prevent infection with the viruses that cause colds. Hand washing prevent the spread of infection. Hands should be wet with water and plain soap, and rubbed together for 15 to 30 seconds. Alcohol-based hand rubs are a good alternative for disinfecting hands if a sink is not available. It may be difficult or impossible to completely avoid people who are ill, although parents should try to limit direct contact.
Some parents ascribe cause of cold to food items like curd, fruits and rice. These are food myths and have no scientific rationale. As previously mentioned young children can have one episode of cold every 1 to 1 ½ months in first few years of life and they are not related to weak immunity. Children who are bottle fed have more chances of getting colds, ear infections and diarrhea episodes. Exclusive breast feeding in first 6 months of life protects little ones from catching frequent infections.

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योग्य वेळ: डॉ. श्रीनिवास कशाळीकर
योग्य वेळ: डॉ. श्रीनिवास कशाळीकर
कोणतीही बाब घडण्यासाठी योग्य वेळ येणे गरजेचे असते. व्यक्ती, संस्था, समाज, देश किंवा संपूर्ण विश्व; सर्वांच्या बाबतीत हे खर आहे! विशिष्ट व्यक्तीच्या, संस्थेच्या, समाजाच्या, देशाच्या किंवा अखिल विश्वाच्या सर्वंकष कल्याणाची वेळ आली की अनादी कालापासून अंतर्बाह्य बरसणारी चैतन्यवर्षा जड, स्थूल आणि दृश्य जगाच्या आरपार; दिसू लागते आणि आवाक्यात येते! अशी योग्य वेळ आज आली आहे! साऱ्या विश्वाला अंतर्बाह्य व्यापून उरलेली चैतन्यवर्षा दिसू लागली आहे आणि सर्वांच्या आवाक्यात आली आहे!

केवळ भारताच्या नव्हे तर एकीकडे जगाच्या कोनाकोपऱ्यात; चैतन्यवर्षा होत आहे आणि त्याचवेळी ते चैतन्य आकंठ पिण्यासाठी जगभरातले तहानलेले लोक हिरीरीने पुढे सरसावताना दिसत आहेत! असा समसमायोग येणे म्हणजे अभूतपूर्व सुवर्णकालाची नांदीच होय!
कुणी नामस्मरण म्हणतो तर कुणी जिक्र, कुणी जप म्हणतो तर कुणी जाप, कुणी सिमरन म्हणतो तर कुणी सुमिरन; प्रत्येकजण आपल्या स्वत:च्या आणि इतरांच्या अंतरंगातील चैतन्यपान करण्यासाठी आणि नामचैतन्यमय होउन परस्परातले एकत्व अनुभवण्यासाठी आसुसलेला दिसत आहे!

नामस्मरणाचा प्रसार आणि प्रचार विविध मार्गांनी आणि विविध माध्यमांतून करणारे दृष्टीमध्ये ठळकपणे भरतात. रामकथा, भागवतकथा, नामजपसप्ताह, नामसंकीर्तन इत्यादींमध्ये सामील असणारे उघडपणे दिसतात. तीर्थयात्रा करणारे, मंदिरात जाणारे, सत्संग करणारे वगैरे लोक देखील पटकन नजरेत भरतात. पण आपण जर अंतरंग पाहू लागलो तर असे आढळते आहे की वरपांगी नामस्मरणाला नाकारणारे आणि स्वत:ला नास्तिक म्हणवणारे देखील सलोख्याने एकत्र येण्याच्या आणि उन्नत होण्याच्या ह्या प्रक्रियेत सामावण्यासाठी अंतर्यामी उत्सुक आहेत! बाहेरून नामस्मरणाबद्दल उदासीन भासणारे नामचैतन्यमय होण्याच्या मन:स्थितीत आहेत! एवढेच नव्हे तर; अहंकारात, वैफल्यात, गर्वात, गुन्हेगारीत, व्यसनात, गरीबीत, अज्ञानात, व्याधींमध्ये, वार्धक्यात आणि अपंगत्वात अडकलेले आणि गुरफटलेले असहाय्य जीव देखील अंतर्यामी नामसंजीवनीसाठी व्याकूळ झाले असून त्यांचे प्राण कंठाला आलेले आहेत! थोडक्यात सांगायचे तर; गुन्हेगारीच्या, पापाच्या, किंवा न्यूनतेच्या भावनेने होरपळणाऱ्या आपणा सर्वांना कुणाच्या ना कुणाच्या माध्यमातून चैतन्यवर्षा दिसू लागण्याची आणि तिची अनुभूती मिळण्याची वेळ आली आहे!

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चैतन्यवर्षा: डॉ. श्रीनिवास जनार्दन कशाळीक
चैतन्यवर्षा: डॉ. श्रीनिवास जनार्दन कशाळीकर

आपल्या अंतरंगात अजरामर असे वैश्विक चैतन्य आहे आणि आपले जीवन म्हणजे त्या चैतन्याचा अंश आहे असे लहानपणापासून ऐकत आलो. पण ते चैतन्य काय व कसे असते हे माहीत नव्हते.

अशा परिस्थितीत; जेव्हा आपल्यामधील उणीवा आणि दोष सलत होते आणि जगातील समस्या मनाला भेडसावीत होत्या; तेव्हा सद्गुरू श्री ब्रह्मचैतन्य महाराज गोंदवलेकर यांच्या द्वारे; सर्वान्तर्यामीचे हे चैतन्य म्हणजेच नाम असून या चैतन्याचा अनुभव घेण्याचे सर्वोत्तम साधन म्हणजे नामस्मरण आहे हे समजू लागले. तसेच नामस्मरण हा सर्वंकष वैयक्तिक आणि सामाजिक कल्याणाचा राजमार्ग आहे; हे कळू लागले. एवढेच नव्हे; तर नामस्मरणाशिवाय समाधान होऊ शकत नाही आणि जीवनाला सार्थकता आणि पूर्णत्व येऊ शकत नाही याची खात्री झाली.

याचा परिणाम असा झाला की, स्वत:च्या रोगावरील उपाय सापडल्यावर ज्याप्रमाणे एकदा रोगी त्याच्यासारख्या इतर रोग्यांना तो उपाय सांगू लागतो त्याचप्रमाणे नामस्मरणावर मी पुस्तके लिहायला सुरुवात केली. नामस्मरणाचे साधन जगात सर्वदूर पसरावे आणि आपल्याप्रमाणेच इतर सर्वांची अस्वस्थता कमी व्हावी आणि समाधान वाढीस लागावे याचा ध्यास लागला.

परंतु इतरांना सांगणे सोपे असले तरी; ज्याप्रमाणे औषध फुकट मिळत असताना देखील आपल्याकडून काही वेळा उपचार घेतले जात नाहीत, त्याप्रमाणे माझेही मन नामस्मरणात पुरेसे रमत नव्हते.

असे का होत असावे? इतका निरुत्साह का असावा?

या प्रश्नाचा विचार करता करता असे लक्षात आले की, आपल्यामधील दृढमूल झालेला जडपणा, आळस, निराशा, गोंधळ, संशय, अविश्वास, निराशा, हतबलता, असहाय्यता इत्यादीमुळे आपल्याला अंतर्बाह्य व्यापून असणाऱ्या नामचैतन्याची वर्षा जगामध्ये सर्वत्र होत असताना देखील आपल्याला जाणवली नाही!

जेव्हा अंतर्बाह्य व्यापणारी आणि अंतर्बाह्य फुलवणारी गुरुकृपा वा नामचैतन्यवर्षा, वैश्विक आणि वैयक्तिक पातळीवरील गुरुकृपेनेच जाणवली तेव्हा नामस्मरणाच्या विश्वकल्याणकारी सामर्थ्याने मी पुन्हा एकदा भारावून गेलो! मन एकदम शांत आणि प्रफुल्लीत झाल! ऊर कृतज्ञतेने भरून गेला!

सर्वानी चिंब भिजून नामचैतन्यमय होण्यासाठी आणि पूर्णत्वाला जाण्यासाठी असलेल्या ह्या सुवर्णसंधीची शुभवार्ता सर्वाना केव्हा एकदा सांगतो अस झाल आणि उतावीळपणे मी लिहायला सुरुवात केली!

गुरुर्ब्रह्मा गुरुर्विष्णु: गुरुर्देवो महेश्वर:
गुरुर्साक्षात परब्रह्म तस्मै: श्री गुरवे नम:

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Blastocyst Embryo Implant
Blastocyst embryo transfer (BET) is a new assisted reproductive technology that has been incorporated with in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment to increase pregnancy rates while simultaneously decreasing the risk of multiple pregnancies. In vitro fertilisation usually involves the transfer of embryos two to three days after they have been successfully fertilised. Blastocyst Culture and Transfer is a technique in which an embryo is developed in the laboratory for 4-6 days after fertilisation before being placed in womb. The embryo gains many cells as a result of being developed for so many days. The embryos developed for 4-6 days are much more advanced than the ones developed for just three days. These Embryos are called blastocysts. BET helps reduce the incidence of multiple gestation pregnancies by transferring fewer embryos.

What is Blastocyst culture?

Until recently, successfully culturing embryos to the blastocyst stage was difficult. This term describes the process when the embryos grow for longer in the laboratory, and undergo critical developmental changes before being returned to the womb. Scientific advances have led to the development of culture media that mimic the changing environment of the reproductive tract and meet the unique requirements of the embryo as it travels from the fallopian tubes. This now allows up to 60% of embryos to successfully grow to the blastocyst stage in the laboratory environment. This period of extended culture helps experts to select the most competent embryo (s) for transfer to your womb. Therefore, blastocyst culture maximises the chance of you achieving a viable pregnancy. During the additional two days of in vitro culture (day 3 to 5), the embryologists have an opportunity to observe embryonic development and to select those embryos which appear to have the best potential for continued growth and implantation. Although this period of extended culture doesn’t necessarily improve the quality of the embryos, or guarantee that they reach the blastocyst stage, there are impressive success rates available for this treatment.

Learn from the experts in IVF field about Blastocyst Embryo Transfer, its advantages, disadvantages and risk associated with the treatment at

What is the procedure involved into Blastocyst embryo transfer?

During IVF treatment with blastocyst transfer, unfertilized eggs (oocytes) are retrieved from the ovary. They are then fertilized in an IVF laboratory setting, creating an embryo. Instead of being transferred to the uterus after three days, which is the case during traditional IVF treatment, the embryos are allowed to progress to the blastocyst stage over a period of five to six days. During unassisted fertilization, the embryo must reach the blastocyst stage in order to attach to the uterine wall. Because, during blastocyst transfer IVF, the embryos are implanted in the uterus during this same stage of development, some consider this to be a more natural implantation method. Blastocyst transfer mimics natural conception in which the embryo travels down the fallopian tube and reaches the uterine cavity five days after fertilisation. This synchronises the development of the embryo and the lining of the womb to increase the chance of implantation. Only healthy embryos are selected for transfer.

For whom is Blastocyst Embryo Transfer Recommended?

Blastocyst transfer is not suitable for everyone. It is a laboratory selection process to identify the best embryo. Couples who have had unsuccessful prior attempts with IVF or IVF and ICSI treatment despite having many good quality eggs retrieved are being offered Blastocyst Culture as an alternative treatment. Couples with multiple good quality embryos on day 3 are also good candidates for Blastocyst Culture. The ability to select the most viable embryos for transfer and implantation should improve their chance of achieving a pregnancy. Blastocyst transfer is not an option for all IVF patients. The technique is most successful with patients who are younger and have a large number of eggs available at retrieval. On average, patients with six or more high quality embryos on day three are the best candidates for blastocyst culture because there is a better chance of more embryos growing successfully till day five.

Frozen Blastocyst Transfer (FBT)

There is a chance that you may have some blastocysts (advanced five to six day embryos) available for freezing (using a process called vitrification) after you have had your best embryo (s) transferred. Freezing and warming can cause damage to the cells of blastocysts, particularly those which are not good quality. For these reason only very good quality blastocysts embryos are selected for freezing. Having blastocysts frozen means that you can undergo future cycles of IVF without having to stimulate your ovaries, collect and fertilise your eggs. Instead we can warm the frozen blastocyst (s) and transfer them to your womb in a much more simplified frozen blastocyst warming cycle. Your chance of becoming pregnant following replacement of frozen warmed blastocysts is comparable to that following replacement of fresh embryos. There is no evidence that any babies resulting from warmed blastocysts have an increased risk of abnormality.

Advantages of blastocyst transfer

Although you can choose to have the embryos transferred on the third day after fertilization, a blastocyst transfer has many obvious. The first is that it makes it easy to weed out the healthy embryos from the abnormal ones without spending for expensive screening procedures. Studies show that embryos that do not reach the blastocyst stage are more likely to have abnormal chromosome numbers, which means they would have eventually miscarried. Doctors observed that as much as 40% of embryos fail to make it to the blastocyst stage. Thus, waiting for the embryos to reach the blastocyst stage decreases the number of abnormal embryos, leaving you with the ones that are most likely to develop into a healthy baby. The fact that the embryo has already hatched out of its shell also gives it an improved implantation rate. In fact, blastocyst embryos have a 50 % chance of implantation. This means you will only need to have one or two blastocysts transferred, leaving you with a few back up embryos just in case this cycle fails. Spare blastocyst embryos may be cryopreserved until they are needed in the future. Another advantage of developing all embryos to the blastocyst stage is that it makes embryo cryopreservation (freezing) more efficient, since embryos without the capacity for full development are not frozen. Blastocyst transfer also allows the option of single embryo transfer.

Solution to all infertility related treatments including IVF, ICSI, IUI and others and the newly introduced technique Blastocyst Transfer can be obtained at

What are the disadvantages of blastocyst transfer?

Although blastocyst embryo transfer increases your chance of getting pregnant, it also increases the risk of multiple births. It is more difficult for an embryo to develop into a blastocyst. Therefore, there is the possibility that an IVF cycle will not result in a transfer of any embryos if none of the three day old embryos develop into blastocysts. The other disadvantage of the procedure has to do with cryopreserving the remaining embryos. Blastocysts cannot survive the freezing and thawing process as well as day 3 embryos do, and you might end up losing most or all of the embryos in the process.

Risks of IVF blastocyst transfer

The primary risk of attempting blastocyst transfer is that some embryos will die in the laboratory. Therefore, the total number of embryos available for transfer and freezing will be less. Unfortunately, some couples undergoing blastocyst ivf treatment will have all their embryos die in the laboratory and will not have any embryos available for transfer. BET does not guarantee a normal pregnancy. It is expected that some pregnancies will miscarry and some babies will develop birth defects similar to that which occurs in couples that are able to achieve pregnancy naturally. Excess blastocysts may be frozen and some of them will not survive the freeze-thaw process when utilized for a later attempt at achieving pregnancy. This is a similar risk to transferring embryos at earlier stages.

In this field of medicine, continued refinements and change offer greater opportunity for infertile couples. Blastocyst culture is one important step and one at which specialists at Indira Infertility Clinic has expertise. We offer our patients this promising state-of-the-art technique, as it provides us the ability to balance the success versus risk in favour of couples, when we assist them in their pursuit of parenthood says Dr. Ajay Murdia, Scientific director at Indira IVF Clinic. Our doctors and embryologists will advise on whether blastocyst transfer is possible and this will depend on the number and quality of embryos available on day 3. Otherwise normal IVF is recommended. Whether day 5 or 6 transfer is recommended for you, it is a decision made by the experienced and expert clinical and laboratory teams aligned to give you the best individualized advice for a safe and successful outcome. Let us help you decide your journey of parenthood.

You can contact the team of experts at Indira IVF at or you can fix up an appointment with us at 0 766 500 9965

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We often feel that the ultimate destination of life; is beyond SANKALP (a kind of motivation, purpose, plan, aspiration, desire, ambition, determination etc, which leads to a variety of activities in life). Hence; we are often skeptical and/or cynical about NAMASANKALP (a planning of specific count in certain specific time; of NAMASMARAN); by an individual or a group.

Even as this is natural; we have to realize that; most of us; are not really freed from every kind of SANKALP. In fact; we are knowingly or unknowingly; and consciously or subconsciously involved; in several trivial preoccupations, which drag us away from our true selves. This is a root cause of stress, which manifests in different ways.

These preoccupations cannot be conquered by any voluntary effort; as they are intricately mingled with our ego.

This can only be done; if we consciously adopt a powerful SANKALP; that can nullify these preoccupations and catalyze our surrender to our Guru (Self realization, Total Stress Management)! Such infinitely powerful SANKALP; is the time tested NAMASANKALP. This can save us from succumbing to our ego and stress; and empower us to reach the ultimate destination of life; beyond SANKALP!

We need not believe in this; but verify it by practice.
First point: In spiritualism we often hear people preaching that you have to forget yourself in memory of God.

Prima facie this appears to be a horrible idea of complete amnesia or dementia.

The first reaction to such preaching is aversion towards spiritualism. In fact if you are honest and realistic, about genuine personal and social issues, then you develop loathe and disgust about spiritualism.

Those who preach this; obviously do not seem mean this! What must be the intention in their preaching?

Actually; forgetting us; in memory of God means; being able to get freed from the nagging and harrowing shackles of individualistic or subjective ideas and feelings. NAMASMARAN helps us to gradually get freed from the harassing and obsessive reminders of our own subjective ideas and feelings.

Second point: In spiritualism it is often insisted to the extent of coaxing that you have to give up everything and renounce all the relationships; excepting the one with God.

This also is obviously shocking and repulsive as it seems to induce hatred about all sublime and adorable relationships.

But it is not so! What it actually means is; being capable to see every relationship more objectively in the course of time; due to being focused exclusively on God i.e. true self i.e. NAMA; beyond petty self through the practice of NAMASMARAN. As a result; our emotional bonds in all relationships evolve and become mature, subtler and refined. They become selfless and free of expectations and dependence. They become free of prejudices and grudges. They become tolerant and warm. They inspire giving rather than asking, begging or commanding! It is important to understand that subjective ideas and feelings (memory of petty self) and subjective perceptions about the relatives, friends etc (relationships) should get evolved as a result and NAMASMARAN. It has nothing to do with arbitrary “cutting off relations”, which can be harmful!

The third point: In spiritualism there is a philosophical depiction of different concepts, which are difficult to grasp at tender age; for example; the concepts of soul, immortality, rebirth etc and such other ones. This can be really very heavy, confusing and for the budding minds (if inadvertently imposed) and induce a conflicts in them. For example a boy sees the world and comprehends it in a particular way. It is counterproductive for the boy to assume arbitrarily that; what appears is actually contrary to his perception; and believe that it is all illusory!

It is essential to understand that philosophy provides answers to only certain questions, not all. Understanding the answers can provide us only some satisfaction and conviction. But remaining clarity comes only through practice and experience. Therefore; it is always good to ask questions, seek answers and encourage children to do so. But it is important NOT to impose any concepts and/theories on the children. It is important to avoid; burdening them with our views. It is necessary to let them evolve through simultaneous practice and study. In the present context; encouraging the practice of NAMASMARAN is important; so as to enable the children to grow in their perspective, thinking, emotions and instincts. It is important to encourage them to keep expanding their horizons in a natural way and develop their ideas and convictions!
We ought to realize that; children should have freedom in as much as caring guidance. In as much as it is troublesome for the children to try to blindly forsake their ideas, or accept some other ideas; because someone preaches it, it can also be a loss for them to condemn the preaching without practicing NAMASMARAN with some patience! This is true with even the grown up adults like us! Moreover it must be realized that patience is vital in any task, including scientific experiments.

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चैतन्यवर्षा १ : डॉ. श्रीनिवास जनार्दन कशाळी
चैतन्यवर्षा १: डॉ. श्रीनिवास जनार्दन कशाळीकर

आपल्या अंतरंगात अजरामर असे वैश्वीक चैतन्य आहे आणि आपले जीवन म्हणजे त्या चैतन्याचा अंश आहे असे लहानपणापासून ऐकत आलो. पण ते चैतन्य काय व कसे असते हे माहीत नव्हते.

अशा परिस्थितीत; जेव्हा आपल्यामधील उणीवा आणि दोष सलत होते आणि जगातील समस्या मनाला भेडसावीत होत्या; तेव्हा श्री ब्रह्मचैतन्य महाराज गोंदवलेकर यांच्या द्वारे; सर्वान्तर्यामीचे हे चैतन्य म्हणजेच नाम असून या चैतन्याचा अनुभव घेण्याचे सर्वोत्तम साधन म्हणजे नामस्मरण आहे हे समजू लागले. तसेच नामस्मरण हा सर्वंकष वैयक्तिक आणि सामाजिक कल्याणाचा राजमार्ग आहे; हे कळू लागले.

एकाद्या रोग्याला त्याच्या रोगावरील उपाय सापडल्यावर ज्याप्रमाणे तो रोगी त्याच्यासारख्या इतर रोग्यांना तो उपाय सांगू लागतो त्याप्रमाणे नामस्मरणावर मी पुस्तके लिहायला सुरुवात केली. नामस्मरणाचे साधन जगात सर्वदूर पसरले पाहिजे असा ध्यास लागला.

आज जेव्हा जाणवले की अंतर्बाह्य व्यापणाऱ्या नामचैतन्याचा जगात सर्वत्र वर्षाव होत आहे तेव्हा मन एकदम शांत आणि प्रफुल्लीत झाले! जगभर बरसणारी ही नामचैतन्यवर्षा मनाने चिंब भिजण्यासाठी आणि नामचैतन्यमय होण्यासाठी आपणा सर्वांना सुवर्णसंधी आहे; ह्या जाणीवेने ऊर कृतज्ञतेने भरून गेला!

गुरुर्ब्रह्मा गुरुर्विष्णु: गुरुर्देवो महेश्वर:
गुरुर्साक्षात परब्रह्म तस्मै: श्री गुरवे नम:

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SATVA perform YAJNA a procedure to invoke cosmic consciousness for satisfaction, RAJA type for petty pursuits and socio-political gains for prestige and acclaim and TAMA type do it (for even worse purposes) and without adhering to the procedure, and without any interest, concern and expenditure!
The purity, decency, humility of body and conduct, with respect to deity, teachers and enlightened individuals is called SHAREER TAPA. The appropriate and benevolent dialogue and study of the nature is called VANGMAYA (related to intelligence and speech) TAPA. The observance of abstinence from speech (unnecessary talk, gossip or any kind of impulsive expressions), on the one hand and experience of noble feeling and the expression of this noble feeling and selfless love; is called MANAS TAPA.
Out of these; TAPA without any petty expectations is called SATVIKA, with expectations of socio-political or some other gains is called RAJAS and with fanatic endeavors with malafied intentions of harming the others is called TAMAS TAPA.
DANA i.e. donations (cash, or kind) are also categorized. Thus when given selflessly as a part of SWADHARMA it is SATVIK, given with discomfort due to excessive love for money, with intentions to extract excessive benefits is RAJAS and when given at wrong place, to wrong person (obviously with ill intentions) it is called TAMAS.
At the end it is summarized (endorsed and reiterated by saints from all over the world and from all religions) that every activity should begin and end in thankful remembrance of the name of God (called NAMASMARAN or OMKAR) symbolizing cosmic consciousness (from Whom, everything is born)!
It is also clarified that; if intelligence, emotions, instincts and body are not integrated and not focused in totality (SHRADDHA) on cosmic consciousness, then the process of blossoming and enlightenment is jeopardized.
It is essential to appreciate that Gita cares for and nurtures the universes!
Therefore there is a consideration about why people behave in away they may not like! The physiological impulses when uncontrollable (KAMA) blur the consciousness and anti-natural behavior results as explained in 3rd chapter! Hence we find chaos and indiscriminate violence towards self and others. These people involved in these anti-natural and antihuman activities; may not heed and follow Gita as they are not in a position to listen and understand. But it is for the leaders to understand and follow. They should create an environment conducive to better control of the unabated physiological urges, which can be destructive to individuals and the societies.
The guidance about food (AHAR) and various techniques
(VIHAR) described in 4th,, 6th and also in 17th chapter may also not be accessible to all in the present situation. But this guidance is also meant for those who understand and lead the societies; world over. They have to design plans and policies to make such food available which would blossom individual and social consciousness.
The guidance about confusion (SAMMOHA), doubt
(SAMSHAYA) or lack of committed conviction (ASHRADDHA) in 3rd 4th, 7th, 9th, 16th, 17th and 18th chapters may appear harsh, as there is warning that if we get trapped and carried away by these qualities, then we would cause our own as well as others’ downfall. But this disease of confusion, doubt and committed conviction creates a chasm between our lower consciousness and us and gets reflected in individual and social life, all over the world, and hence must be diagnosed and warned about!
But one must remember that Gita not only diagnoses but also provides the solution and a definite assurance that if we focus on our own highest consciousness i.e. our true self; then we all from all over the world would certainly be freed from all the miseries.
In 18th chapter many points from previous chapters are repeated and emphasized again in a kind of useful summary.
Thus terms such as SANYASA, TYAGA, JNANA,
What I understand and deduce, from these is as follows.
SANYASA is giving up all activities of personal desires. SANYASA is invariably associated with dedication to cosmic consciousness. SANYASA is associated with responsibility of the whole world, not just one’s family. SANYASI is not the same as an inert and indolent creature incapable of earning. He is not a popper or a beggar. So besides renunciation, union with cosmic consciousness (YOGA) is inseparable from SANYASA.
TYAGA is giving up all results or fruits of actions.
According to Gita, the activities prescribed in scriptures for common welfare should be performed without ulterior motives or expectations. This is especially true today, when petty selfishness is dividing the world, individualism is isolating the individuals and fanaticism in one form or the other is perpetuating viciousness and destruction. It may be clear that SANYASA, TYAGA and YOGA are not separate from; but actually the most essential aspects of mainstream life.
NIYATA KARMA means all activities included in daily and seasonal or calendar routine for universal welfare. If an individual abandons them because of petty distractions or because of indolence, then it is called TAMAS TYAGA.
Abandoning the activities out of fear of bodily discomfort (loss of money) is called RAJAS TYAGA and does not lead to individual and global blossoming.
Thus forsaking the fruits and performing actions (SWADHARMA) is called SATVIKA TYAGA.
Thus a person following SWADHARMA does not give value or importance to the nature of the work and hence is free of confusion and doubts.
Every activity has some components viz. ADHISHTHANA the space or area or field of activity, KARTA the individual consciousness operating, KARAN the means, CHESHTA the actual dynamics and DAIVA, which means the unseen environmental forces influencing the outcome.
JNANA, JNEYAM and PARIJNATA (knowledge, object of knowledge and knower respectively) are the control mechanisms bringing about actions e.g. neurophysiological controls and KARAN, KARMA KARTA (means or tools, action proper and doer) constitute the actual components of actions.
JNANA is classified as TAMASIK (fanatic and blind), RAJASIK (rational and analytical but sectarian) and SATVIK (unifying and holistic).
KARMA also is SATVIK (selfless SWADHARMA), RAJAS (actions performed vehemently with individualistic pursuits) and TAMAS (work begun without thought or conscience and sense of proportion; and usually to harm oneself or the others).
KARTA (doer) is also SATVIK (selfless, humble, buoyant, enthusiastic and steadfast and courageous irrespective of success or failures because of strength of conviction), RAJAS (motivated by vested interests and hence harboring ulterior motives and violent and vacillating in excitement and depression) and TAMAS (ignorant, unskilled, dull, crooked, vicious, cynical, melancholic and lethargic).
BUDDHI (wisdom) also is SATVIK (discerns desirable and undesirable and freedom and bondage), RAJAS (cannot discern and hence misinterprets desirable and undesirable) and TAMAS (blunderous and disastrous in every respect).
DHRITI (fortitude) also is SATVIK (composed and integrated in every respect and focused completely on cosmic consciousness), RAJAS (involved in various activities for petty gains) and TAMAS (full of slumber, nightmares, and bouts of sadness and arrogance and shackling the individual in every way).
SUKHAM (happiness) also is SATVIK (initially unpleasant but subsequently benevolent), RAJAS (initially pleasant due to indulgence in objects of pleasure but latter precipitating misery due to loss of those objects or due to their ill effects) and TAMAS (one which creates slumber, perversion, bondage and destruction).
SHUDRA constitute different aptitudes and constitutions, suitable for intellectual and enlightening activities, leadership and brave military activity, trading, rearing cattle and farming; and patient and sustained provision of services; requiring different skills respectively.
SWADHARMA i.e. act with complete dedication and selfless involvement for individual and global blossoming (through guidance from scriptures or from inner voice through NAMSMARAN) helps us return towards our root i.e. cosmic consciousness, even if our aptitude and skills may appear to be inferior to those of others!!
Lord Krishna explains that following SWADHARMA is itself the ultimate reward in life and everything else is born out of ignorance and/or pettiness and hence counterproductive i.e. taking us away from our root!
In the last few verses He asks Arjuna repeatedly to focus on the true self i.e. cosmic consciousness and not get distracted by any other subjective ideological, methodological or superstitious considerations (SARVA DHARMAN PARITYAJYA) and assures; in fact pledges that He would liberate Arjuna of all bondages (PAPA)!
Arjuna understands and agrees to follow Lord Krishna i.e. cosmic consciousness in the struggle of life!
Sanjay, the narrator, in the ecstasy of having heard this dialogue and remembered the stunningly glorious persona of Lord Krishna; declares his opinion that union of individual consciousness (Arjuna) and cosmic consciousness (Krishna) is itself the ultimate victory in every possible way.
NOVEMBER 25, 2009 03:00 PM
As I had mentioned earlier, for it is suitable to keep on writing on Gita as and when it appears in mind, rather than mechanically sticking to the sequence of chapters. Hence after, I have “finished” writing on the content of 18 chapters, now I am again starting to add the addenda!
In chapter 3, Lord Krishna expresses His concern about the common people, who follow the reputed individuals in the society!
Even as this is grossly true; this is an obvious statement. In addition to this obvious meaning, Lord Krishna appears to imply that; in any system; the control mechanisms or the regulating centers or the higher centers are followed by rest of the component parts. This is true for the whole universe, society and the human body also.
In other words; the higher self of an individual has the responsibility to behave in tune with the cosmic consciousness so that rest of the consciousness trapped in the body systems also can follow the suite.
Similarly, the position of the leaders in the different fields in society is that of the higher centers in the human body. They must follow SWADHARMA so that the whole society gets guidance and lives in order, unity and harmony. If the leaders misbehave, then the society is bound to perish.
This applies to human body also. If the higher centers in the human body get deranged then the whole body would go in disarray.
I seem to understand that this is nothing else but the freedom of our consciousness from the shackling influence of biophysical, biochemical and physiological activities. This is possible through linking with the cosmic consciousness, by anchoring to the name of that cosmic consciousness called NAMA and remembering the NAMA (called NAMASMARAN) is focusing on and getting linked and gradually merged with the cosmic consciousness! In Gita Lord Krishna is the cosmic consciousness.
NOVEMBER 26, 2009, 09:45 AM
How can TYGA be superior to DHYNA?
In 12th chapter there is verse, in which there is a clarification about the culmination; of study into knowledge or wisdom, of wisdom into composure of mind (DHYANA), of DHYANA into KARMAPHALATYAGA i.e. detachment from the results of actions; and of KARMAPHALATYAGA into peace.
I used to wonder; how simple detachment from results or fruits of actions could be superior stage just penultimate to peace i.e. superior to DHYANA or contemplation of cosmic consciousness or true self! The detachment appeared simple and pertaining to mundane individual experience. Moreover, simply getting detached from one result of one action; could not appear to endow permanent peace, because one could perform innumerable actions and each time the question of detachment would arise.
It is clear however, now, that the detachment has far deeper and cosmic meaning.
If and when I realize that that I am a part of cosmic consciousness and KARMA is actually the manifestation of the universe, then I realize that detachment is actually not from personal actions, but from the universal action of the cosmic consciousness! Secondly the detachment is not from one or another action, but it is from all possible actions of individual consciousness including all subjective realm such intellectual, emotional, instinctual and physical feelings and actions. It also includes all the physiological, biochemical and biophysical actions going no in one’s body or rather being! Last but not the least; it includes peaceful and loving renunciation of everything subjective in nature and even the body at the end!
Once this meaning becomes clear, it becomes clear how DHYNA culminates into KARMAPHALATYAGA and how KARMAPHALATYAGA culminates into or sublimates into peace!
KARMAPHALATYAGA here is really the MUKTI or liberation and it is but appropriate that it is associated with peace.
Can the all benevolent Lord punish?
In 16th chapter, there are verses, indicating the fruit of hating the cosmic consciousness (Lord Krishna) in terms of going into abysmal births and miserable end (GATI). The meaning of these verses appeared to indicate the consequences of one’s actions and somewhat punitive nature of the Lord! This appeared in contrast to the kind and benevolent nature of Lord, so much emphasized by many saints. This appeared inexplicable, when one pondered over the verses in 6th and 9th chapters stating that even a sinner of worst kind gets liberation and in verse 18th chapter; stating that ISHAVR resides in every heart and governs and mobilized the living beings.
Now it appears that the verses in 16th chapter relate to the ego of a person who separates him/her from the cosmic consciousness and hence makes one arrogant and hate his or her own connection with the cosmic self! In such a condition, the Lord probably implies that he or she would keep on reverberating in his or her own separated and hence painful, miserable and helpless state. If you experience the might of the shackling ego, you would agree with this! However, after coming into contact with Gita and getting immersed in Gita; he or she would begin to reorient himself or herself with the true self or cosmic consciousness and peace. This also you would agree if and when you experience!
NOVEMBER 26, 2009, 02:00 PM
What is equanimity?
In 9th chapter, Lord says that for him every one is equal and
He neither loves nor hates (in a personal manner) any one.
This used be rather perplexing, on the background that He says that He would punish those who hate Him! Moreover it appeared absurd to equate good and bad people!
I now understand that even as Lord can see the unity of the universe and the universe being present in Him and He being present in every heart, we do not experience this divinity residing in every heart, because we do not see it in our own heart! Hence due our personal biases and subjectivity we see individuals (including ourselves) as good, bad, simple, shrewd, cunning, crooked, vicious, vindictive, gullible, healthy, sick, happy, miserable etc.
Gita implies that it is natural for everyone to evolve in this realization (because the Lord resides in every heart); which the Lord shares with Arjuna. All the means described n Gita (such as NAMASMARAN and many others not directly and elaborately described in Gita) take us to this realization.
How are SANYASA and YOGA interrelated?
In 5th chapter, it is said that SANYASA is not possible without YOGA (SANYASASTU MAHABAHO DUKKHAMAPTUM AYOGATAH…). This implies that SANYASA and associated peace devoid of vacillations is possible if the is loving bond (YOGA) is preserved. Renunciation with contempt or hatred is not true SANYASA and not associated with peace!
If you have subtle dislike for you spouse and you decide to separate, then that is not SANYASA in true sense or renunciation in true sense! It is merely a reaction of hatred!
Conversely, YOGA in true sense is bond of love with absolutely no expectations. YOGA is being free from i.e. renouncing every possible subjective consideration!
If you like your spouse so much that you cannot bear the thought of his/her separation, then or you expect something from him/her then bond of love is not YOGA or objective impersonal love!
Thus; hatred and subjective attachment; are responsible for mean, petty, prejudiced, inappropriate, unjust and suicidal or socially harmful actions; which are followed by perversion and/or bondage and suffering! This holds true for every kind of subjective hatred and love.
Lord teaches us that renouncing per se is not true sacrifice with objective perspective i.e. SANYASA and getting possessed per se; is not objective love or YOGA.
In the course of evolution you rise above this kind of hatred or subjective attachment. You learn and realize the rhythm of life. You learn to enjoy the supreme love and supreme sacrifice objectively.
Thus SANYASA is rising above all the subjective framework and getting freed from it; and YOGA is the absence of resentment and presence of loving fulfillment (without any expectations) while you are rising!
Further; it becomes clear, that just as SANYASA i.e. true renunciation; is impossible without YOGA i.e. bond of objective love, similarly; the YOGA the bond of objective
love is not possible without SANYASA i.e. renouncing all ideas, ideals, ambitions, aims, objectives and other preoccupations; born out of subjective framework of mind!
In other words, rising into objectivity is truly a self (subjective) less (detachment and SANYASA) and truly loving (union with the cosmic self i.e. objective love, or YOGA) act!
It has been repeatedly said that NAMASMARAN can help in this!
What is importance of SATVA GUNA with references to 6th, 7th and 9th chapters?
is said in 6th chapter that self control (moderation) helps an individual to attain YOGA. But in 6th, 7th and 9th chapters it is also said that those who worship me can attain me irrespective of their conduct.
I think it refers to the fact that in general SATVA GUNA is near to revelation of truth. But that is not always apparent and perceptible to common man’s eye. Hence it is also said that Lord’s devotee instantly becomes one with Lord as stated in 9th and 11th chapters!!
This statement of Gita is particularly validated by the behavior of AVALIYAS, who are nonconformist realized souls such as Satam Maharaj, Gajanan Maharaj etc.
NOVEMBER 27, 2009, 3:45 PM
Was Arjuna was actually right in renouncing the war as he stated at the end of the 1st chapter itself, that he was ready to die without offering any resistance rather than participating in the war for the sake of winning the kingdom?
Apparently I was also in two minds when I read first chapter. But in the course of time I realized that Arjuna was kind and loving but getting derailed from his duty towards himself and the society. I also realized that those justified and upheld the view point of Arjuna were themselves in the dilemma of identifying the enemy and fighting it! This is also because of gross misconception about AHIMSA.
In my experience, when you are not sure about the identity of the enemy; you are not convinced about fighting!
In short Arjuna had not identified his true self and hence he had not identified the true enemy and hence was reluctant to enter and participate in the war!
With the practice of NAMASMARAN; the nature of the enemy becomes clear and you begin to enjoy participating in the war with enemy inside and outside as a matter of privilege of SWADHARMA!
How can we reconcile the idea of KARMAPHALATYAGA and getting TYAGA PHALA?
It is true that in 18th chapter there is reference to not getting TYAGA PHALA by RAJASA TYAGA!
Here the Lord refers to the fruit or PHALA which liberates us from all kinds of expectations! Hence this TYAGA PHALA is quite different or in fact quite opposite of KARMAPHALA which leads to bondage!

NOVEMBER 28, 2009, 7:30 AM
Are there 9 doors (NAVADWRA)?
In 5th chapter there is reference to 9 doors of the body. This concept is well known. But is this true for females?
It has to be noted, that in females there are 2 eyes, 2 ears, 2
nostrils, 1 mouth, 1 urinary opening 1 anal opening (9) doors but there is also 1 more door and that is genital opening viz. vagina, making 10 ‘doors’ to female body.
I feel that questioning an authority is not insulting the authority, but showing confidence that you would be heard, attended to and responded to; properly. Not raising doubts
is like being closed and already prejudiced that if you question; the authority would feel offended, insulted and or may not be able to answer!
This point is minor one; with respect to anatomy, but initially I was feeling inhibited to raise it, because of the popular contention that scriptures should never be doubted. Later I realized that by raising doubts; we do not reduce the importance of Gita; but show that inspite of doubts in terms of minutia, the essence of Gita takes us from our subjective frame of mind; to the objective and cosmic consciousness!
How to deal with our instincts?
One point from 2nd chapter is about the description of the deterioration (DHYAYATO VISHAYAN….) of an individual due to entrapment in the dragging instinctual forces.
I feel that as the feeling of attraction about opposite sex is natural, hatred of it is not advocated in Gita. What is highlighted is; how by focusing exclusively on the innate
core of one’s self e.g. through NNAMASMARAN, one experiences the sublimation of most desires; especially the sexual desire into sublime and respectful love! Hatred about or slavery of instincts; such as sexual attraction; are not conducive to individual and global blossoming! They can not give warmth of romance or any other bond involved in different relationships.
On the contrary, when we evolve from within; we do not hate the opposite sex. We do not become bitter. We experience and enjoy the sublime attraction in opposite sex and not obscene carnal cravings. This is probably the basis of worshipping feminine and masculine principles in the nature, i.e. Goddess and God and not merely (male) god by males and (female) goddess by females!
This holds true for all other instincts and desires and that is exactly what is; the hallmark of the imminent global culture.
I feel this point is extremely important for a person like me, who is often afraid of a state of desirelessness, which is dreadfully similar to total void or actually death. Hence I reiterate that in the course of evolution our subjective desires sublimate or culminate into cosmic or objective desire/s and do not vanish. They vanish only as subjective or petty preoccupations or obsessions. They vanish as fanatic and exploitative compulsions. Thus Gita makes us free and not hollow or empty! This is what makes us fearless and buoyant! This positive content of Gita is extremely reassuring and rejuvenating. It ensures emergence of objective, cosmic and immortal love in the feeble, fragile and frail body that we have! This is how we realize our immortality; and that of; the self realized seers; of the past!
How to reconcile the utopia of better world?
When I was charged with the idea of a better world, I used feel totally upset, disturbed, agitated and at times disheartened and depressed by any argument opposite to it or negating it! Hence initially Gita used to depress me tremendously because except the last verse of Gita, there is not even an indirect indication or assurance of a better world in Gita. On the contrary she seemed to be revolving around the life and death and individual emancipation.
To accept that you have to follow your SWADHARMA and not expect a global change was extremely painful and appeared to be irrational, unrealistic, pessimistic, deterministic, fatalistic and so disheartening and depressing.

Now; even when it is becoming clear that it was the cosmic consciousness that manifested in the conceptual form of the goal of global blossoming (though; partially and/or ambiguously; due to the constitutional limitations); in my mind; it has been painful to give up that utopia of global wellbeing, because, without it; the life has appeared meaningless, purposeless, hopeless and dead! I have felt impotent and helpless by the philosophy of detachment!
Gradually I have started realizing that this is not the message of Gita! Instead; Gita reassures that my core is immortal and that it is one with the spirit of Gita and hence, would keep on manifesting from time to time through this individual or that. Thus Gita gives full stop to the fear of dying without accomplishing my dream and assures that the global blossoming though not exactly as per my specification; would continue from time to time and )!
Gita teaches us that, the world would continue to have resurgence of cosmic consciousness and enlightenment and the necessary and appropriate rectification!
Hence Gita teaches that I have; the freedom and privilege to practice; the SWADHARMA with total involvement, which ensures moment to moment ecstasy, that does not depend on fruit! The universe is going to continue with its characteristics and this enlightenment springing from Gita; would also keep resurfacing from time to time through generations! I am learning to free myself from the visible changes (which are never permanent and hence deceptive) of individual and global blossoming. I am beginning to understand and experience my role, without unrealistic optimism or pessimism due the inner assurance of eternal continuity and periodic manifestation of universal consciousness (and my spirit)!
SWADHARMA is neither a utopia that aims at visible changes in the conditions of the people, nor is it shackled by the pursuits; restricted to (visible benefits) in the individual conditions! Neither it is pessimistic nor is it optimistic. It is unconditionally victorious!
I have realized that even though I could once get elated; by the idea of “working for the others” or “serving the mankind”, I could never get the fulfillment or peace in it, which I have started experiencing, these days. This is the reason I have shifted from Marxism and other philosophies and ideologies (as I understood) to the core of Marxism and all of them (again as I understood)!
Gita teaches us; to go to our own core and also that of the cosmos! Gita is immortal and hence she is going to keep enlightening generations after generations and hence there is no aim of or a mission of “permanent” or “defined” or “specifically envisaged” global welfare! What global or local changes would ensue; would be pleasing but impermanent and changing; and would essentially be the by product of the practice of SWADHARMA by individuals like me from the every corner of world; and from millennia to millennia.
However this was not as easy as it sounds. The SATVA, RAJA and TAMA keep on interfering with the realization
of SWADHARMA; thus making the process tardy, difficult and full of tribulations; probably designed for one’s chastisement!
November 28, 2009, 12:55 PM
Do we really care for Gita?
I just realized that today; it is Gita Jayanti.
I had read about government ban on many animal shows on road, in circus and celebrations of NAGPANCHAMI in Battis Shirala. Yesterday I read that 200 000 animals were to be slaughtered in Deonar slaughter house. The study of Gita can engender proper policy on animal slaughter. Mere worship of Gita or mere hatred of Gita are not only sterile but come in the way of individual and global blossoming through SWADHARMA.
What is the meaning of NIRASHI?
At this point of time I want to discuss the word NIRASHI used in 3rd and 4th chapters.
The word NIRASHI and UDAS are used in philosophical literature pretty often and more often than not have given me the impression of depression and frustration. I always wondered then, how and why Gita is considered to be one of the best counselors.
In fact, I have experienced getting frustrated, depressed or ultimately helpless and indifferent; umpteen numbers of times; with respect to many government policies and happenings in the society! I guess; frustration, helplessness, depression and indifference and melancholy are not uncommon.
The clarification that emerged in my mind is; the words
NIRASHI, UDAS and possibly others with similar connotations, do not mean getting frustrated. They do not mean “giving up” or remaining “indifferent”!
They simply mean that you may not get the same results as envisaged by you. Do not get vacillated and perturbed in that event. Do not get disturbed. Do not get disheartened. Do not get depressed. Do not lose hope. Remember that the results depend on several factors and not necessarily on your subjective liking or preferences. Hence they do not indicate your incompetence. Not only one; but even several failures per se; do not indicate your incompetence. So do not judge and humiliate yourself from your failures. Just try to keep on getting closer to your SWADHARMA (by continuous rectification of your perspective and behavior; thus bringing more and more accuracy in it, which is said to be made easier by practice of NAMASMARAN).
Alternatively; Gita also teaches us that even if you get so called tangible success, do not get enamored. Because success also depends on several factors! It does not indicate (merely) your competence! Do not get excited and lose your sense of proportion; as you may become arrogant and indiscrete in terms of what is benevolent and what is harmful to you and society. Further; being unrealistic, you may get distanced from your true self and get degenerated and decomposed!
Essence of Gita; realized in this way; keeps me far more buoyant and triumphant in spirit; than what it otherwise used to be.
In recent days; I am learning from Gita; that when our aim or target is not convincing to our innate core (i.e. in variance with SWADHARMA), then our performance is also unsatisfactory, painful, miserable and/or socially harmful.
Thus I was not convinced about the sectarian non-holistic curriculum of the MBBS and MD and hence I was not fully satisfied with my own performance in learning as well as teaching! In addition; my resilience and tenacity to achieve a particular goal in my learning and teaching career also were not fully satisfactory to me! I think this is true for any person and in any business, profession or duty.
When the targets, goals, laws and regulations are not convincing, (in variance from SWADHARMA), then performance and the involvement in any field become unsatisfactory!
As and when I am convinced about my actions to the core, i.e. identify my SWADHARMA, my enthusiasm, buoyancy, resilience, tenacity, perseverance, forbearance, courage and dedication and overall application also multiply!
I begin to get ecstasy in every small thing I do and my life becomes a source of unending vitality! This brings charm and sweetness to all relationships, including family, relatives, friends, peers, colleagues and so on, because my patience, consideration, and flexibility also multiply! My brittleness, fragility, impatience, obstinacy, whims, fancies, adamancy, uncertainty, doubts, diffidence; all begin to dwindle and make me more active, freer and happier, for increasingly longer intervals of time!
November 28, 2009, 07:30 pm
Gita teaches us to carry on our activities without getting trapped in the results. How to reconcile various activities going on with specific objective?
In 4th chapter and latter in 7th, 17th and 18th chapters there is reference to activities performed with intentions i.e. expectations of returns.
Gita does not condemn them, but guides us on the path of evolving further and performing actions decreasing subjective intentions or expectations in tune with the cosmic will through e.g. NAMASMARAN!
I have begun to understand that just as I went through different stages of development; it could also be true with other people. I must not expect a simultaneous, uniform and regimentalized change!
I must understand and be considerate about the changing activities with varying interests; depending upon the age and stage of development of the people as has been the case with me! I should not condemn people or should not get disheartened because there is no change! Rather I should provide (according to my capacity) assurance and solution, in the form of perspective, policies, plans and implementation conducive to individual and global blossoming!

In fact from this point of view, it is important to realize from time to time the importance of the accessories (food, sleep, residence, company etc) helpful in merging with cosmic will! In other words; just as we can not overlook or undermine the importance of different needs, during our physical development; similarly even in the process of reaching the final stage of merging with cosmic consciousness; we have to utilize and respect the skills, techniques and specializations such as those described in Vedic Karmas! This is why Gita in 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 17th and 18th chapters advises us not to quit the activities but to evolve from the activities of personal interest and perform SWADHARMA!
Thus everything that helps to focus and get connected with the cosmic consciousness must be done and not despised. If we are atheist, iconoclast, nonconformist, (usually because of inadequate study and petty ego, fanatic adamancy and lethargy) then we may suffer from periodic depression, which can be overcome through study of Gita and practice of NAMASMARAN!
This became especially clearer when I read the excellent translation and explanation of Shri Sukta by Pundit Shripad Shastri Kinjavadekar. I realized that the practice of SUKTAS, STOTRAS, ARATIS, and BHAJANS and so on; helps in overcoming imminent depression, fragility and fickle mindedness, which keep piling up subconsciously.
I seem to appreciate deeply that the inspiring, energizing, encouraging, rejuvenating and revitalizing guidance about performing all activities supporting and nurturing the “ecstatic and freeing involvement in the SWADHARMA, conducive to individual and global blossoming”; is the greatest source of super life in Gita, Vishnusahasranam and NAMASMARAN!
November 30, 2009, 08:08 AM
Initially when I was studying, I thought in the 2nd chapter itself there is sufficient clarification about SWADHARMA; and hence where is the need for further doubt and subsequent explanation about SANYASA and KARMA and TYAGA? Isn’t it redundant?

It is true that in the beginning of the 3rd and 18th chapters there is repetition of doubt regarding SANYASA and KARMA and TYAGA.
But the ideas of SANYASA, KARMA and TYAGA are subtle and hence can be confusing when it comes to actual practice.
This is because Gita perspective is expression of cosmic consciousness. It encompasses the cosmos, society and the individual consciousness and individuals. The processes of transcending (SANYASA and TYAGA) and involving or participating (KARMA), which are apparently contradictory are basically complementary and uniquely and excellently reconciled in Gita.
This becomes clearer as one keeps on practicing NAMASMARAN.
These processes are related to blossoming and sustaining! When one blossoms; the past form is given up and new form is adopted, but the life processes within; go on in continuity in a sustained manner. SANYASA is growth and YOGA is the continued life!
It becomes clearer and clearer in an ongoing manner as one keeps on studying and contemplating on Gita and practicing NAMSMARAN.
This highlights the previously discussed point of rising above without hating or trapped by the physiological characteristics in the nature, society and the body and consciousness encompassing them.
This understanding or realization also resolves the confusion about KAMYA KARMA, NITYA KARMA, and NAIMITTIK KARMA and so on. It is clarified that giving up KAMYA KARMA is SANYASA. This has different implications in terms of external appearances, but the purport is universal. Thus SANYASA would mean renouncing the profitable activities, which are at variance with the SWADHARMA. Thus at different stages of life individual renounces certain activities starting right from suckling of milk.
Similarly a Brahmin (actually it is pronounced as BRAHMANA) does not indulge in the activities of KSHATRIYA (martial activities involved in protection and safety of the society) or VAISHYA (trading) activities. This is a kind of SANYASA.

Moreover, just as a ripened fruit drops from the tree and is eaten by animals or man, in the same way, in old age the individual renounces direct administrative involvement while continuing with the essence of activities conducive to individual and global blossoming.
TYAGA meant giving up the KARMA PHALA i.e. fruits, gains or results of the activity. This is associated with the word detachment, which does not convey the vital and vibrant spirit of KARMAPHALA TYAGA. It does not convey the innate meaning of implying growth and coming out of; subjective or personal considerations, which nurture individualistic forces manifesting in jealousy, envy, hatred, arrogance, depression followed by rat race, petty competitions, jealousy, other crimes and social decomposition! TYAGA has a positive element of getting rid of what is harmful or inappropriate, while being focused on what is maximally benevolent!
December 1, 2009, 12:20 pm
Why can one dislike Gita?
Long back, when I used to be charged with physical needs, passions, emotions, thoughts and ideas, I used to feel agitated with the thought of similar plight of the people! The social circumstances appeared extremely dark, stark and annoying. The change, the revolution appeared to be the only purpose of life, even as the exact program of action and/or the blue print of the revolution were far from ready!
The frenzy of all these complex feelings used to be so much, that any proponent of Gita, used to appear as unconcerned about peoples’ true needs, unbothered about real issues such as poverty, injustice; and hence antisocial, hypocrite, parasitic etc or at best; stupid or gullible!
The restlessness within; used to be so much that it used to propel me towards addressing every problem that appeared in the news paper or on TV, apart from those in my own personal life. As a result, I used get engrossed in relevant physical work, emotional expression in poetry, intellectual analysis, discussions, public speeches, writing articles and books etc, which appeared to be the preferred ways of self assertion and solution to the problems! Withdrawal from such activities was suffocating, unbearable and killing!
Gita appeared to me a despicable escapism from the problems and the activities; which I thought were “important and urgent”! Gita discourses appeared to make the people facing problems; as well as the preachers; parasitic and paranoid! It appeared to make them dependent and helpless. It appeared to dissuade them from accepting the challenges in personal and social life and facing them victoriously! The fervor of my mind would never get calmed by the thought of Gita; though many a times I appreciated the honesty and selflessness of the individuals advocating it.
Apart from this dislike, one of the common excuses that I used to find in studying Gita was the apparent irrelevance of the study in terms of daily livelihood. Moreover the study seemed to hinder the day to day work and disturbed the preoccupied mind. In fact it created a kind of tug of war in the mind!
Now I realize that this was because of my untrained erroneous cognition (perception), affect (feelings) and conation (response). Thus I misconceived the dimension of the challenges, felt tense and restless and responded rather erratically, leading to further exaggeration of problems in mind! This is called distress cycle. When you are in such distressed state; you cannot handle even small problems and hence study of Gita, which starts with the problems encompassing the cosmic, social, family and personal dimensions simultaneously; becomes a painful affair!
It is like a state of severe indigestion, in which you are averse to eat anything and especially heavy food stuff that is difficult to digest!
Another reason that caused repulsion towards Gita was, there were several tempting distractions, which seemed to offer pleasure, solace, relief and consolation. Moreover these distractions such as movies, TV shows, parties, gossip and socialization of different types did not require any active efforts on the part of your brain and heart. Study of Gita being demanding acute attention and focused concentration has always been an uphill task! Actually this was the reason, when I used to find the expressions of ecstasy and joy; by Sanjay in the last 5 verses in 18th chapter, quite contradictory and disagreeable!

Later in the course of reading Gita and about Gita, in books such as the biography of Shri Brahmachaitanya Gondavalekar Maharaj, by Prof. K.V. Belsare; and through my experiences with a variety of activities of service and social struggle for justice; I began to get intellectually convinced that Gita can evolve and transform an individual in terms of his/her perspective, vision, intellectual framework, emotions and instincts; and evolve him/her into objective or cosmic consciousness. I thought this; if happens in every walk of life; then it could usher in; individual and global blossoming, appropriate to that period, because; it could actualize globally benevolent perspective and policies!
Now I realize that practice of NAMASMARAN, right from childhood, and teaching of Gita in every nursery, school, college and even professional college, would evolve the student of Gita, who would share the same joy and ecstasy that Sanjay expressed in the last five verses! I don’t want to generalize this and give any guarantee abut this, but this is my experience! It is my experience that once Gita enters in the system, the movies, dramas, TV shows and other activities can be enjoyed or avoided; without getting overwhelmed or disturbed respectively.
Gita provides the ultimate and invincible satisfaction coupled with vigor, buoyancy, fearlessness and benevolence encompassing universe!
Many times I used to feel disturbed because there were friends; who disliked Gita as mediocre; merely because Gita as very recent; only about 1000 years old!
I did not quite understand how a book or a scripture could be judged on the basis of when it was written! But somehow and somewhere these comments tended to dishearten and discourage me or at least thwart my enthusiasm in studying Gita.
Many would say that Upanishads are really enlightening and Gita constitutes only citations from the Upanishads.
These people obviously were ignorant about Upanishads as well as Gita, but may be because of my weakness; their comments could often sabotage my interest, dedication, efforts, concentration, commitment and involvement in the study!

There were others; who used to praise Gita (without reading it) and boast that Gita is very old!
I could not derive any inspiration from this either; because I could not agree to judge a book from its age! In fact one
could argue that in spite of being so old the book does not have significant impact on the world civilization in view of the stark global reality we witness!
Some dislike Gita because, “Gita is not written by one individual but by many people over centuries and further; Gita could not have been written on the battlefield at all, because no sane person would spend time in discussion, in such a situation of war! In fact this fact itself makes the Gita quite absurd”!
Such dislike from people who have been cut off from their roots, ancestors, history and most importantly their true self; due to petty, individualistic ideas and fanatic beliefs, could reduce one’s reverence for the book and hence the enthusiasm in studying it.
Gita is studied with reverence. I also studied Gita because of the reverence she enjoys from billions of people and for millennia! Some people laugh at reverence and think that it is irrational! But that is wrong! Reverence is not superstition! Reverence adds to one’s interest, commitment, focus, motivation and involvement! Reverence for Gita makes it easy to absorb the vital wisdom from Gita!
After, I studied Gita in spite of such criticism and insulting talks, for some time, I also felt there could be some truth in the argument that Gita is written by not but many people, in view of somewhat conflicting concepts finding place in her!
But, Gita, whether written or sung or addressed by; a
particular person, one person, many persons, by a person in chariot to another in the chariot on the battleground, a person in his living room to another person, is only relevant to those; who are academic historians or those involved in divisive politics with some vested interests.
For me; as I kept studying (and realizing the content of Gita); it was immaterial in view of the content of Gita and its scope and potentials for individual and global blossoming! It is silly for a student of Gita to dwell on such issues and waste time, rather than dedicating to the study of Gita so as to grasp and realize the core of Gita!
Some used to ask, “What is the basis to prove that Gita can lead to global blossoming? Study of Gita does not seem to do anything, if compared to for instance; scientific research or socio-political manipulations! It does not seem to work and produce results; even comparable to those produced by relatively simple agricultural activities or other handicrafts!”
If I say that Gita evolves us into objective or cosmic consciousness or imparts global perspective, then the argument is, “Can you prove the cause and effect relationship?”
The answer obviously is, “No! I cannot prove that Gita evolves us into objective or cosmic consciousness or imparts global perspective”, because many of those who study Gita can disprove my contention!!
Looking back; I realize that my opinions changed due to the influence of factors beyond my comprehension constituting the “field”, cosmic consciousness or God that encompasses and influences not merely “me” but everything; including the people in the universe! Whether
the people in the world would also change and begin to get associated with Gita, also therefore be determined by the same “field” and hence I need not feel restless about whether people accept the importance of Gita or not! But if I say so, then next argument would be; “What is the proof for existence of such a field”? Obviously; I have no proof!
Another argument is; Gita has no influence on individual or social life; and studying Gita is wastage of time! One may feel that Gita has benevolent role, because of erroneously attributing the good changes in him or her to the study of Gita! Actually it could be the other way round; the good change leads him or her to admire Gita!
This argument also, can not be refuted. What can be said is that cosmic consciousness or objective bliss is somehow associated with Gita.

But even this cannot be proved. Neither can I show that some one is linked through Gita to cosmic consciousness; nor can I prove that those; who are not studying Gita; are dissociated from cosmic consciousness or objective bliss!

But having gone through the experience of all this, I am convinced beyond doubt that Gita is a trans-temporal, trans-intellectual, trans-national, trans-cultural and universally benevolent manifestation of cosmic consciousness, irrespective of whether, written or narrated or sung by one person, many persons, on battleground or in a living room & at given time or over a period of centuries! Further, I would like to add that studying GITA, & VISHNUSAHASRANAM and NAMASMARAN; is a life time golden opportunity or golden gate to cosmic consciousness provided by the cosmic consciousness Himself! Even so, the study of Gita and the experience associated with it; are essentially personal and beyond linguistic communication, beyond a certain point! One may or may not believe in them; and may or may not provisionally accept, study, experiment out and decide; their validity or otherwise! No one; including me; should feel that he/she can, (because no one can); oblige them; by studying or harm them by insulting! No one can elate them by praising and sadden them by maligning! Hence it said, in verse in 6th chapter, which implies that those who would study and realize the immortal cosmic consciousness would actually get the same in reciprocation (from the cosmic consciousness)!
It appears however, that it is time that a vast majority of the world; would get freedom from the shackling conflicts generated from fulfillment or otherwise; of their physical needs, instincts, feelings, arguments, flights of imaginations, infatuations and restlessness; and get the privilege of being associated with the essence of Gita, NAMASMARAN, Vishnusahasranam, objective bliss, cosmic consciousness, globally beneficial perspective and policies and their implementation; irrespective of the nature of cause and effect relationship (which also incidentally; is a product of human intellectual framework!)!
In 4th chapter the importance of SHRADDHA is stressed.
I used to feel that SHRADDHA is same as; or at least similar to; blind belief, thoughtless trust, superstition or unreasonable and unfounded devotion, with petty and mean ulterior motives. At times I used feel that SHRADDHA is; merely being emotionally attached or devoted to a particular God, doctor etc, with some hope against hope!
Hence I thought SHRADDHA is opposed to thorough, critical and honest analysis!
During my study of Gita, Vishnusahasranam and Namasmaran I realized that SHRADDHA is absolutely different. SHRADDHA is totally selfless and unprejudiced approach or attitude! Thus it is a serious and sincere commitment for some study or a task! It is being honest, integrated and committed and nothing else. It does not in any way, opposed to analysis; even if be ruthless and unending!
Now I am convinced that the appreciation of the spirit of Gita is extremely difficult; as mentioned in 7th chapter, especially; without SHRADDHA! SHRADDHA is absolutely essential for learning the purport of Gita, as ASHRADDHA, which means casual, prejudiced, and petty and/or selfish approach; usually associated with cynicism and contempt; is a major hurdle in learning Gita! ASHRADDHA makes the understanding or realization of Gita impossible, as implied in 4th and 9th chapters.
December 1, 2009, 05:50 am
What can deter us from SWADHARMA?
Even as I was trying to integrate my concepts, feelings, passions and my practice, and share it with others; one of my near dear ones; often kept saying that there won’t be any change in the world and hence all efforts in that direction are in vain!
His comments would come suddenly during the peak of discussion and give a jolt, as if someone splashed his vomits on you.
Whether that individual gets convinced or not; at least I am happy to have gradually realized that a body cell and body work cooperatively to make life possible. If a cell were not to work in this way, the body would cease to live and the cell also would die. We live because of this cooperation. MOHA is ignorance of this which is suicidal. I have to understand that I eat every day and keep on eating, without questioning, but when it comes to getting engaged in SWADHARMA; I start giving excuses! This is MOHA; addressed in Gita; and which is a universal problem, not only that of the person criticizing, and which is at the root of all other problems!
Another argument against SWADHARMA is that even if we try our best the maladies are bound to recur. Why waste time and energy in it?
I don’t realize that I keep on doing things, such as taking bath, even when I know that I am bound to get dirty again and need to repeat it. I don’t give excuse; that I am going to get dirty again, to avoid bath. But I keep giving excuses that nothing is going to change permanently in the world and hence it is stupid and in vain to make efforts! This is MOHA and makes me tubular, short sighted and petty. It makes me timid and inert. It keeps me separated from my true self and hence from the society. This is why the contradiction between ‘me’ and ‘society’ is born and perpetuated.
I have begun to understand that just as we sleep at night and start working in morning and just as during spring the gardens blossom, similarly at opportune times people work for global blossoming, even if the blossom is bound to end at some time and followed by summer. The ego of an individual hides the fact that trillions of activities going on in the trillions of body cells and in the innumerable molecules, atoms and subatomic particles; and trillions of activities going on for trillions of years in the universe are not done by an individual! He is a part of them! When spring comes he will have to blossom even if be for a specified time!
Hence Arjuna is given to understand that irrespective of what he feels, he would be engaged in his work just as the flower has no choice but to bloom during spring! This is said in 18th chapter (YADAHANKARAMASHRITYA ….NA YOTSYA…, SWABHAVJEN KAUNTEYA…).
How is Gita, related to struggles against exploitation, slavery, chaos and foreign rule?
Gita has given the answer in 14th chapter, in very precise manner. Thus a person, a society, a nation, the world and even the entire universe; either perish or blossom; in accordance with the proportion of; SATVA, RAJA and TAMA, present in them. When SATVA predominates many begin to blossom and when TAMA predominates many begin to perish. The conditions in the society reflect the proportion of SATVA, RAJA, and TAMA!
From the point of view of Indians, blacks and other Asians the root of slavery has to seen in the preponderance of TAMA in the world and growth capitalism, individualism and imperialism in the growth of TAMA and RAJA.
Gita has given the solution of focusing on cosmic consciousness through e.g. NAMASMARAN, thereby increasing SATVA and going even further!
What is the meaning of KARMA and AKARMA?
In 4th chapter, there is a verse (KARMANI AKARMA YAH PASHYET….) indicating that one who sees action in inaction and inaction in action is the intelligent and accomplished yogi.
Thus pure and cosmic consciousness never does anything in the routine sense of that word. He does not perform any action! But He is responsible for the whole universe!
This is seeing KARMA in AKARMA!
Conversely, all that we do is like a part of the engine. We are not drivers of the engine. It is a fallacy to feel that we are driving. Hence when we realize that we are not doers, then “our” action becomes null and void and then it is called as seeing AKARMA in KARMA!
What is the importance of social opinion?
I have mentioned (Pages 4 and 5) what I felt about argument in favor of war, in 2nd chapter, (Akeertin cha pi bhootani….Bhayat ranat uparatam…..Awacchya vadanscha bahoon…..), in which the point of possible social indignation is used to ‘incite’ Arjuna to participate in war.
But now I see there is another dimension to this argument.
The social opinion is a double edged weapon. It isextremely harmful if we get sheared apart from our true self, but it is extremely useful if we get pulled out of our basal or carnal instincts and/or petty ego!

Society is like our mother. It nurtures us in every way. It is important that we do not malign it and attribute the responsibility of our miseries on it, by knowingly or unknowingly concealing our weakness.
Can simplicity of Gita come in the way of people studying her?
If we are in sinking frame of mind, we need something bombastic or dramatic for elevation, hence the words of Gita appear too simple to convey much content and they do not impress us. We need something dramatic and/or melodramatic; when we in depression! In fact due to depression; we start doubting the importance of Gita because of simplicity! Instead of going ahead with study, we only keep wondering how and why Gita could enjoy such a coveted position and reign supremacy in world literature!
There is reference to BUDDHIYOGA in 2nd chapter (Eshatebhihitasankhye buddhiryoge twimam shrunu …and Buddhiyukto jahateeha …..), 6th chapter (Tatra tam buddisanyoga…labhate paurvadehikam…), 10th chapter
(Tesham nittyabhiyuktanam bhajatam preetipurvakam
…dadami buddhiyogam tam…) and 18th chapter (Chetasa sarva karmani mayi sanyastama matparah budhiyogam upashritya macchitah satatam bhava). In 18th chapter, there is classification of BUDDHI into three varieties viz. SATVIK, RAJASIK AND TMASIK (Pravruttin cha nivruttin cha …., Yaya dharma adharman cha …and Adharma it yah manyate tamasavruta…). There is also a reference to BUDDHIGAMYA happiness; in 6th chapter (Sukham attyantikam yadyat buddhigrahyam atindriyam …).
Usually BUDDHI is associated with intelligence constituting analysis, correlation, synthesis, imagination, memory, etc.
But a student of computers would these are not the most important aspects of intelligence. Their role can be accomplished by computer reasonably well or sometimes even better.
The most important aspect of BUDDHI is decision making!
BUDDHI is stated as ATINDRIYA (chapter 6). This means that it is beyond the sensations. A student of physiology knows that sensation is a function sub cortical structures and BUDDHI, which is a function of cerebral cortex is reasonably free from and beyond the control of sensations or the sensory input.
BUDDHI has two sides. One associated with all the body systems and the other with cosmic consciousness.
BUDDHIYOGA is a union of all the three, viz. cosmic consciousness, cerebral cortical intelligence and the rest of the systems of the body.
NAMASMARAN is a selfless (free from any subjective considerations) cerebral cortical activity. It breaks all the short circuiting tendencies arising out of sensory, hormonal, neuro-endocrinal and autonomic inputs, resulting into inappropriate perceptions (cognition), feelings (affect) and responses (conation). NAMASMARAN leads to formation of a thoroughfare that links (YOGA) all the body systems with the cosmic consciousness through BUDDHI i.e. cerebral cortex.
This thoroughfare then leads to qualitative leap forward, i.e. conscious evolutionary transformation in the process involving stimulus, homeostasis and response in physiology; cognition, affect and conation in psychology; and perception, feelings and behavior in philosophy, sociology, ethics etc; or simply in life!
BUDDHIYOGA embodies this transformation. This is associated with STHITAPRAJANA or STHITAPDNYA state.
This state is associated with gathering and passage of stimuli from cosmos to cosmic consciousness (cosmic perceptions), feelings encompassing the cosmos (cosmic feelings) and responses reaching out to cosmos (cosmic responses). Thus this state is a state; where subjectivity becomes a mere vestige!
BUDDHIYOGA is a process of attaining; or actually the state of STHITAPRADNYA, where ephemeral and individualistic physical, instinctual, emotional and even intellectual activities and pleasures born out of individual subjectivity; are evolved or transformed into immortal and cosmic physical, instinctual, emotional and intellectual activities and pleasures born out of cosmic objectivity.
In one word; this is SUPERLIVING!
All that I have shared so far, and this concept of BUDDHIYOGA and SUPERLIVING may or not be believed; and may or not be verified through the study and practice of Gita, Vishnusahasranam and NAMASMARAN; depending on how one perceives this life time golden opportunity!
December 7, 2009 01:30 PM
How to reconcile the thought that you are the creator of your destiny; and the 5 determinants of success described in 18th chapter?
This thought that you are the creator of your destiny or you can shape your destiny; has implicitly appeared in 6th chapter (UDDHARET ….). But this verse is meant to remind us that there is cosmic consciousness in us and we have the golden opportunity to merge with Him. This requires rescuing the lower consciousness or lower self from the prisons of subjectivity formed by physical senses, instincts, emotions, thoughts, and imaginations and so on.
The universal way to do this is NAMASMARAN, apart from various techniques of meditation and worship.
It is to be understood that you are the creator of your destiny, when you invoke the cosmic consciousness (creator of universe) within and; unite with Him.
When cosmic consciousness incarnates and gets personified, He is the creator of His destiny, in as much as He is creator of the destiny of billions and for millennia.
But if we look at ourselves as individuals with our subjectivity, then we are only products of the environment and actions of others!
Thus ADHISHTHANA, KARTA, KARAN, CHESHTA and DAIVA (18th chapter) and in other words, PRAKRUTI and GUNAS (Prakrute kriyamani…; and Tatvavittu mahabaho ….gunah gunehu vartante…; 3rd chapter) shape our destiny.
If we are able to see this dynamics in every individual of imprisonment, growth, freedom and blossoming, then it becomes clear that both statements do not contradict and in fact complement each other.



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