World's first medical networking and resource portal

Articles
Category : All ; Cycle : May 2022
Medical Articles
May31
Dry Eye Treatment In Ghatkopar, Eye Specialist in Ghatkopar - Mumbai Eye Care
Dry Eyes Treatment In Ghatkopar
A dry eye is an uncomfortable and painful condition. It can be understood as an inadequate production of tears leading to dryness of eyes. Dry eyes make you more susceptible to bacterial infections and trauma due to reduced lubrication over the cornea. As tear film is very thin, reading, writing and watching becomes very uncomfortable.

Role of tears
Blinking makes your eyes moist every time and keeps the corneal surface smooth and clean. Tear film contains a combination of oil, water and mucous. Outermost layer is made up of oil as it prevents tear from drying. Second layer (water) comes from lacrimal gland and made up of mostly water as main content. Water washes away any dirt and unwanted particles from the eye to keep it clean. Inner most layer is made up of mucus and formed in conjunctiva, due to this layer tears don’t stick to eyes. In general we see with any irritant, our eyes protective response is to produce tears but in few local and system medical conditions, tear formation is reduced and that hampers with the vision.

Why do I get dry eye condition?
We produce tears all the time, not only when we are emotional but with every blink. Dry eye can be because of various reasons:

Altered composition of tears or tears dry up too fast – imbalance is oil, water and mucous content may result in dry eyes.
Inflammation or trauma to the eye (lacrimal gland, conjunctiva) – dry eyes may result as a consequence to damaged tear producing apparatus.
Medical conditions for less production of tears – autoimmune diseases like lupus, scleroderma, rheumatoid arthritis, Parkinsons disease.
Vitamin A deficiency may result in poor eye health
Disease like diabetes or radiation exposure also affects eye status.
Hormonal imbalance like pregnancy or menopause also reduces tear production.
Drugs like Antihistamins, antidepressants may result in dry eyes.
Corneal nerve desensitivity caused by contact lens or nerve damage by laser eye surgery.
As an aging process.
Other medical conditions can lead to dry eyes, such as the following:

Keratoconjuctivitis - It refers to the inflammation of the surface of your eye, called the cornea or the conjunctiva
Keratitis is another condition that’s caused by irritation or swelling of your cornea when your eyes are dry for too long
Keratoconjuctivitis Sicca – This term is used to describe an autoimmune condition when you aren’t able to produce enough tears and develop an infection or inflammation.
How do I know that I have dry eyes condition?
Symptoms experienced by patients suffering from dry eyes are:

Fatigued and heavy eyes
Sore and itchy eyes
Burning and dryness sensation
Red eyes with blurred vision
Difficulty in wearing contact lenses
Difficulty in night driving
Sensitivity to light and stringy mucous around the eyes
Eyelids sticking together when waking up after sleep
Double vision
How diagnosis is made?
Ophthalmologist conducts a thorough eye examination and certain tests to reach to a final conclusion and design the treatment plan.

Detailed Medical and drug history of systemic diseases may help in diagnosis.
History of trauma and family occurrence can be related to present condition.
Schirmer test – this test is performed to see the volume of your tears, blotting strips of paper are placed under your lower eyelids. After five minutes your doctor measures the amount of strip soaked by your tears.
Phenol red thread test - In this test, a thread filled with pH-sensitive dye (tears change the dye color) is placed over the lower eyelid, wetted with tears for 15 seconds and then measured for tear volume.
Special dyes are used for your eye doctor to check the evaporation of your tears. As tear composition has oil content in it, so if it is reduced, it may lead to quick drying of your tears.
Tear osmolarity test can be done to measure the composition of particles and water in your tears.
Special Tear markers for dry eye disease like matrix metalloproteinase-9 or lactoferrin.
What are my treatment options?
Treatment is purely based on the cause as it may range from behavior modifications to medical procedures.

Behavior modifications like adjustment of your computer screens below eye level, taking short breaks between long tasks. Avoid harsh environments like dry winds, driving without protective eyeglasses; Sunglasses are must on sunny days.
Artificial tears – ophthalmologists prescribe you artificial tears, their composition is just like natural tears. If you are using more than six times a day, preservative free tears are also available in the market.
Treating local factors - warm compresses to the eyes, eyelid cleaners and massaging your eyelids.
Medication to reduce inflammation and infection to the eyes
Tear-stimulating drugs. Drugs called cholinergics (pilocarpine, cevimeline) help increase tear production. These drugs are available as pills, gel or eyedrops
Eye inserts that work like artificial tears. If you have moderate to severe dry eye symptoms and artificial tears don't help, another option may be a tiny eye insert that looks like a clear grain of rice.
Unblocking oil glands - improves the composition of the tears.
Punctal plugs – removal punctal plugs are tiny silicon plugs used to block the tear ducts to prevent tear loss. Punctal occlusion can be done by cautery.
Surgery – sometimes problems like incomplete blinking is treated with surgical procedure by oculoplastic surgeon (specialist in eyelid problems).
Lipiflow - This medical device uses heat and pressure to unclog blocked glands on your eyelids.
Salivary gland transplantation – It is a surgical procedure that is occasionally considered in persistent and severe cases that have not responded to other treatments.
Light therapy - Using intense pulsed light therapy followed by massage.
Prevention
As an aging process, tears production will eventually go down, but still precautions may help to avoid dry eyes discomfort.

Add humidifier to your room in winters
At high altitudes or extreme winters, take care of your eyes as dry winds may be traumatic to your eyes and tear producing apparatus.
If you are a person spending more time on computer or phone, take short brakes during your tasks as your eyes get tired by long focus and radiation exposure.
Use sunglasses while going outdoors
Use of ointments instead of drops
Frequent washing of your eyes also serves a natural way for eye moisture and cleaning.
Mild soap use to reduce the irritation.
Important Reminder: This information is only intended to provide guidance, not a definitive medical advice. Please consult eye doctor about your specific condition. Only a trained, experienced board certified eye doctor can determine an accurate diagnosis and proper treatment.

To schedule an appointment with our experts for Dry Eye Treatment in Ghatkopar, please call us at +91 8451045935, +91-8451045934 or visit our clinic at Address.

For more information = https://www.mumbaieyecare.com


Category (Eyes & Vision)  |   Views (529)  |  User Rating
Rate It


May31
Why Should You Have Lasik In Winter? - Lasikdelhi
Introduction
Spectacles are the safe and simple solution of correcting vision but they too have certain disadvantages. Especially in winters, cold environments cause condensation on the lenses. You are forced to wipe your spectacles again and which can sometimes irritate you. To get rid of the cleaning cloths forever or wipe the lenses, again and again, LASIK is the best option for you during winters.

Certain studies suggest that LASIK can be affected due to certain environmental factors. Environmental factors such as temperature and humidity have links between the success of LASIK and other corrective procedures.

Researchers concluded that the lower level of humidity and cold temperature is the best conditions for LASIK surgery. Here is why you can fearlessly go for LASIK during winters.

Reasons Why Should Have LASIK In Winters
Millions of people bid goodbye to their old poor vision with LASIK eye surgery every year. Here are certain reasons why you should go for LASIK this winter.

Gift yourself vision this New Year
Many of us thinking to give a new start to every New Year. People make resolutions to start reading books, exercising daily, travelling to dream destinations, getting pictures without glasses and whatnot. So this New Year why not includes LASIK in the list. With a clear vision, you can do anything more effectively. Gift yourself vision with LASIK and say no to glasses. It will make your new year nicer by seeing things more clearly.

Minimum risk of allergies
Spring is the favourite season for allergies. Spring is miserable for contact lens-wearing patients. The lenses become uncomfortable for patients as they cause dryness, itching, redness in the eyes. You can skip the frustration with winter LASIK and reduce the chances of extra itching that can cause other ocular allergies.

Utilize your holidays for recovery
You can utilize your winter holidays without skipping your winter outing plans. As recovery after LASIK is fast and easy. You do not need to miss your working days. The recovery period after surgery is usually 24-48 hours so why not utilize the holidays for getting a clear vision.

You can spend time with your family while recovering your vision. You can enjoy Netflix and other screens because you don’t need to stay away from them for a long time.

Need not skip your beach plans
After a month of LASIK, patients are not allowed to swim. The patient can wash and shower their face but swimming is strictly restricted. If you love to swim and plan your summer on the beach, having LASER in winter is the best option for you. You can go with LASIK this winter and can enjoy your summer on beaches.

Get rid of fogging up glasses
In winters, all the glass wearers face the fogging up glasses problem. The difference in temperature of the cold outdoors and warm indoors can cause your lenses to fog up instantly. The problem can impair your vision temporarily but here we have a great solution for this that is LASIK. LASIK can also protect you from accidents during driving in winters and many such incidents.

Solution for dry eyes this winter
Windy conditions outdoors and the use of heaters inside the houses or offices can cause dry eyes. The eyes lose their moisture in cold temperatures due to evaporation. People also experience itching and burning sensations along with dryness in winters. The solution for dry eyes is to get LASIK that allows you to rope in the snow with any discomfort or itching, dryness.

Ease of travel
While packing for a trip, keeping your lenses and glasses safe is a big task. LASIK can help you deal with the problem. You need not worry about the lenses their solutions and other accessories. After LASIK you only need to worry about your outfits and other accessories while packing for the trip.

Better recovery outcomes
Studies show that winters are suitable for LASIK surgery. Cold temperature and humidity contribute to the procedure of LASIK surgery and increase the chances of quick recovery.

Conclusion

LASIK is a great solution to enhance the quality of life. It will be more effective in winter. LASIK in winters has its own crucial advantages. LASIK in winters allows you to enjoy the summer and spring months without any vision-related interruptions. LASIK is absolutely safe in winters but before undergoing any procedure, one must need to consult with the doctor. Take the advice of your doctor and fearlessly schedule your LASIK eye surgery in winter.


Category (Eyes & Vision)  |   Views (459)  |  User Rating
Rate It


May30
Testing For And Diagnosing Nephrotic Syndrome In Children, Nephrotic syndrome Specialist in Delhi - Dr. Sidharth Sethi
Testing for and diagnosing nephrotic syndrome in children

Testing For And Diagnosing Nephrotic Syndrome In Children
Nephrotic syndrome explained:
Nephrotic syndrome is a condition which affects the kidneys and the miniscule filtering system within it, called the nephrons. There is damage to these structures as a result of various reasons, and mostly in children the cause remains unknown, also known as idiopathic nephrotic syndrome. As a result of this damage, the kidney starts to filter less of the substances that it usually helps our body get rid of, and it also starts to filter in excess certain substances which are useful to the body. Therefore an affected child usually presents with certain characteristic symptoms, including, swelling of the tissues, especially in the face and abdomen.

Diagnosing the condition:
It is when a child presents with this characteristic symptom of swelling in most areas of the body, that your doctor/pediatrician will suspect nephrotic syndrome. It is very important that the diagnosis is made correctly, because only then can prompt treatment be started in order to effectively manage the condition. Nephrotic syndrome is a condition which can be accurately diagnosed using a few tests, because the condition has some telltale signs which can easily be detected.

The investigations used to diagnose nephrotic syndrome:
The diagnostic tests which are carried out when a doctor suspects nephrotic syndrome in your child include:

Urine test – to look for the levels of protein in the urine, because nephrotic syndrome results in increased leakage of protein form the kidney and high levels of protein in the urine. The urine is also tested under the microscope in order to look for signs of inflammation of the kidney and kidney damage, which may indicate the type of nephrotic syndrome your child is suffering from.
Blood test – in order to look for the level of protein in the blood, because the increased leakage of protein in the urine, will result in reduced levels of protein in the blood, which is the reason why the child develops swelling within the body tissues.
Renal biopsy – Children usually do not require kidney biopsy at the onset. Which is a test where a small sample of kidney tissue is drawn out using a needle, and viewed under a microscope, in order to see the changes which have occurred in the kidney tissue. Some children may require additional immunosuppression if they frequently relapse or are steroid dependent.
Nephrotic syndrome can present in two forms. The first known as Minimal Change Disease is the most common form to affect children, and is a form that doesn’t show a lot of damage or change in the urine test, and even in the biopsy, there will not be any identifiable damage to the filtering system of the kidney. The second form known as Focal Glomerular Sclerosis, is a more aggressive form of the disease, and shows extensive damage in the urine test as well as renal biopsy.

On certain occasions, if your child is very symptomatic, your doctor will begin treatment straight away without waiting for the tests to confirm which form of nephrotic syndrome your child is suffering from. The treatment for nephrotic syndrome is a course of steroids, which are administered daily, till your child becomes symptom free. Once the treatment has commenced if it is minimal change disease, it will respond well to the treatment and immediate signs of improvement can be seen in your child. But if it Focal Glomerular Sclerosis, then it will not respond well to treatment with steroids.

For more information = http://www.pediatricnephrologyindia.com/


Category (Child Health)  |   Views (923)  |  User Rating
Rate It


May30
Back Pain Treatment in Delhi From Pain Specialist in Delhi Dr. Amod Manocha
Pain Specialist in Delhi
In simple words, low back pain can be defined as pain experienced in the bottom region of spine (between lower margins of ribs and the gluteal folds). It may remain localised to back or radiate to the legs.

Sciatica is a term used for pain radiating down from the lower spine to the legs. Most common cause of sciatica is irritation or compression of the nerves as they exit the spine on their way to the legs. It may be accompanied by numbness, tingling and weakness in the distribution of the affected nerve.

Globally low back pain (LBP) is one of the leading causes of disability. LBP is an important cause of limitation of activities, absence from work with resultant economic implications. In industrialised countries lifetime prevalence of non-specific low back pain is estimated at 60–70%.Despite the high incidence and intensive research into this area, pain generators are not easy to identify and the diagnosis Nonspecific Low Back Pain is used commonly. This is different from situations where a specific cause such as fracture, infection, neoplasm etc. responsible for pain generation can be identified.

Potential Sources & Causes
Back pain can originate from numerous sources and some of the common causes include

Disc herniation (Slipped Disk), degenerative disc disease
Facet and Sacroiliac Joints
Muscle and ligament sprains/injuries
Narrowing of spinal canal- Spinal Stenosis
Spondylolisthesis
Fractures, trauma
Autoimmune diseases
Infections


Category (Back & Neck)  |   Views (980)  |  User Rating
Rate It


May28
Age Related Macular Degeneration Treatment In Ghatkopar, Mumbai by Dr. Jatin Ashar
Age Related Macular Degeneration

Human eye has various important parts like Cornea, Pupil, Iris, Lens and Retina. The macula is located in the center of the retina, the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye. The retina instantly converts light, or an image, into electrical impulses. The retina then sends these impulses, or nerve signals, to the brain. When the cells of the macula deteriorate, images are not received correctly. In early stages, macular degeneration does not affect vision. Later, if the disease progresses, people experience wavy or blurred vision, and, if the condition continues to worsen, central vision may be completely lost. People with very advanced macular degeneration are considered legally blind. Macular Degeneration is the leading cause of vision loss, more than cataracts and glaucoma combined.

Macular degeneration is classified as:
Dry Age related Macular Degeneration
Wet Age related Macular Degeneration.
Pathophysiology
The dry form is more common than the wet form, with about 85 to 90 percent of AMD patients diagnosed with dry AMD. The less common wet AMD usually leads to more serious vision loss.

Dry AMD causes changes of the retinal pigment epithelium, typically visible as dark pinpoint areas. The retinal pigment epithelium plays a critical role in keeping the cones and rods healthy and functioning well. Accumulation of waste products from the rods and cones can result in drusen, which appear as yellow spots. Areas of chorioretinal atrophy (referred to as geographic atrophy) occur in more advanced cases of dry AMD. There is no elevated macular scar (disciform scar), edema, hemorrhage, or exudation.

Dry AMD has three stages, all of which may occur in one or both eyes:

Early AMD - People with early AMD have either several small drusen or a few medium-sized drusen. At this stage, there are no symptoms and no vision loss.
Intermediate AMD - People with intermediate AMD have either many medium-sized drusen or one or more large drusen. Some people see a blurred spot in the center of their vision. More light may be needed for reading and other tasks.
Advanced AMD - In addition to drusen, people with advanced dry AMD have a breakdown of light-sensitive cells and supporting tissue in the central retinal area. This breakdown can cause a blurred spot in the center of your vision. Over time, the blurred spot may get bigger and darker, taking more of your central vision. You may have difficulty reading or recognizing faces until they are very close to you.
Wet AMD occurs when new abnormal blood vessels develop under the retina in a process called choroidal neovascularization (abnormal new vessel formation). Localized macular edema or hemorrhage may elevate an area of the macula or cause a localized retinal pigment epithelial detachment. Eventually, untreated neovascularization causes a disciform scar under the macula.

Symptoms
Dry macular degeneration symptoms usually develop gradually and without pain. They may include:

Visual distortions, such as straight lines seeming bent
Reduced central vision in one or both eyes
The need for brighter light when reading or doing close work
Increased difficulty adapting to low light levels, such as when entering a dimly lit restaurant
Increased blurriness of printed words
Decreased intensity or brightness of colors
Difficulty recognizing faces
What causes macular degeneration?
Though macular degeneration is associated with aging, there is genetic component to the disease. A strong association between development of AMD and presence of a variant of a gene known as complement factor H (CFH) is observed. This gene deficiency is associated with almost half of all potentially blinding cases of macular degeneration.

Other investigators have found that variants of another gene, complement factor B, may be involved in development of AMD.

Specific variants of one or both of these genes, which play a role in the body's immune responses, have been found in 74 percent of AMD patients who were studied. Other complement factors also may be associated with an increased risk of macular degeneration.

Oxygen-deprived cells in the retina produce a type of protein called vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), which triggers the growth of new blood vessels in the retina.

The normal function of VEGF is to create new blood vessels during embryonic development, after an injury or to bypass blocked blood vessels. But too much VEGF in the eye causes the development of unwanted blood vessels in the retina that easily break open and bleed, damaging the macula and surrounding retina.

Risk Factors
The biggest risk factor for Macular Degeneration is age. Your risk increases as you age, and the disease is most likely to occur in those 55 and older.

Other risk factors include:

Genetics – People with a family history of AMD are at a higher risk.
Race – Caucasians are more likely to develop the disease than African-Americans or Hispanics/Latinos.
Smoking – Smoking doubles the risk of AMD.
Diagnosis
AMD is detected during a comprehensive eye exam that includes:

Visual acuity test - This eye chart test measures how well you see at various distances.
Dilated eye exam - Drops are placed in your eyes to widen the pupils. Your eye care professional uses a special magnifying lens to examine your retina and optic nerve for signs of AMD and other eye problems. After the exam, your close-up vision may remain blurred for several hours.
Tonometry - An instrument measures the pressure inside the eye. Numbing drops may be applied to your eye for this test.
Both forms of age - related macular degeneration (AMD) are diagnosed by funduscopic examination. Visual changes can often be detected with an Amsler grid.
Color photography and fluorescein angiography are done when findings suggest wet AMD. Angiography shows and characterizes subretinal choroidal neovascular membranes and can delineate areas of geographic atrophy. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) aids in identifying intraretinal and subretinal fluid and can help assess response to treatment.
What Treatments Are Available for Macular Degeneration?
There’s no cure for macular degeneration. Treatment may slow it down or keep you from losing too much of your vision. Your options might include:

Lifestyle changes - like dieting, exercise, avoiding smoking, and protecting your eyes from ultraviolet light.
Anti-angiogenesis drugs - These medications – aflibercept (Eylea), bevacizumab (Avastin), pegaptanib (Macugen), and ranibizumab (Lucentis) -- block the creation of blood vessels and leaking from the vessels in your eye that cause wet macular degeneration. Many people who’ve taken these drugs got back vision that was lost. You might need to have this treatment multiple times.
Laser therapy - High-energy laser light can destroy abnormal blood vessels growing in your eye.
Photodynamic laser therapy - Your doctor injects a light-sensitive drug verteporfin (Visudyne) into your bloodstream, and it’s absorbed by the abnormal blood vessels. Your doctor then shines a laser into your eye to trigger the medication to damage those blood vessels.
Low vision aids - These are the devices that have special lenses or electronic systems to create larger images of nearby things. They help people who have vision loss from macular degeneration make the most of their remaining vision.
Submacular surgery - This removes abnormal blood vessels or blood.
Retinal translocation - A procedure to destroy abnormal blood vessels under the center of your macula, where your doctor can’t use a laser beam safely. In this procedure, your doctor rotates the center of your macula away from the abnormal blood vessels to a healthy area of your retina. This keeps you from having scar tissue and more damage to your retina. Then, your doctor uses a laser to treat the abnormal blood vessels.


Category (Eyes & Vision)  |   Views (967)  |  User Rating
Rate It


May27
Best Skin Clinic in Vaishali, Best Dermatologist in Vaishali Dr. Megha Modi at Twachaaclinic
Welcome to Twachaa-the Skin & Laser Clinic

At Twachaa- The Skin Clinic, our mission is to provide a high level of innovative skin care services. Each treatment is unique to you and customized for your skin, to help you achieve and maintain your healthiest possible skin.

We are committed to advancements in the procedures & we offer the highest quality services for our clients. Over the course of our relationship we will help you to create and maintain a radiant complexion. Through regular visits to our clinic we will guide you every step of your tailor made skincare routine, offering advice and support as your skin goes through the different phases on the road to recovery. We will always strive to make your experience fulfilling and serene.

Dr. Megha Modi
Dermatologist In Vasundhara, Vaishali and Indirapuram
Dr.Megha Modi is a practicing Dermatologist in Delhi and received her medical degree from Baroda Medical College. She went on to specialize in dermatology and attained her MD in Skin-VD from the same college. She has to her credit the enviable distinction of being a gold medalist at both the undergraduate as well as post graduate levels.

Professionally Dr. Megha Modi has been a consultant at the Dermatech Clinic in North Delhi and brings to the table a rich experience in the field of Cosmetology and Dermatology. On an academic front, she has won numerous accolades and citations for her stellar contributions for her paper presentations at State and National Level conferences. Concurrently Dr. Modi has numerous publications in indexed journals which are standing evidence of her prowess in the specialty.


Category (Skin & Beauty)  |   Views (660)  |  User Rating
Rate It


May26
Nose and Sinus Surgery In Delhi, Sinus Surgery In Delhi by Dr. Ameet Kishore
Nose And Sinus (Rhinology) Surgery In Delhi
We Offer the best of therapeutic care and Sinus Surgery in Delhi by expanding the advantages of progressions being made in the realm of prescription. Our services for Nose and Sinus in Delhi guarantees that you get the absolute best treatment and can recoup in the best conceivable time.

Septoplasty
The septum is the midline partition within the nose dividing it into left and right nasal cavities A septoplasty is an operation designed to straighten a bend/deviation in the septum of the nose and thus improve nasal airflow.

Turbinate reduction
The turbinates are scrolls of tissue in the side walls of the nose. Turbinate reduction is carried out to reduce the size of enlarged turbinates and therby correct the problem of nasal blockage. Your Sinus Surgery In Delhi might be performed in conjunction with a surgical septoplasty under general anesthesia. A specialist will utilize an endoscope, a thin tube with a light toward the end, to enhance perception and give an amplified view while operating.

Nasal Polypectomy
Nasal polyps are growths in the nose often as result of allergy and infections. Polypectomy is a surgical procedure to remove these nasal polyps and improve breathing. This is often combined with functional endoscopic sinus surgery in Delhi.

Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery
Endoscopic sinus surgery is an established modern type of sinus surgery with minimally invasive techniques utilising telescopes and small instruments to operate on sinuses through the nostrils. The aim is to widen the openings of the sinuses to remove sinus disease and also so that mucus does not get trapped.

Balloon Sinuplasty
BSP is a minimally invasive procedure where a flexibale balloon is used to open blocked sinuses and facilitate drainage of mucus in patients who suffer from chronic sinusitis. While recuperation time differs with every patient, recuperation is ordinarily quick. In an investigation of in-office balloon dilation, most patients were asked to perform regular work and daily actions after 2 days of operation.

Dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR)
DCR (dacro-cysto-rhinostomy) is the name given to an operation that is designed to allow drainage of tears from a blocked tear sac into the nose by creating a new opening. This is performed endoscopicaly throught the nose to avoid external scars.

Septorhinoplasty
This is a combination of a septoplasty and a rhinoplasty to improve the nasal airflow as well as improve the appearance of the nose. Your surgery will take around 2 ½ hours and is operated under general anesthesia. A little cut is made inside the nose; the nasal mucosa is lifted up and anything that hinders the air route is evacuated or repositioned. The nose is reshaped remotely through the same or diverse cuts and the incision(s) are sutured. Swelling and wounds are typical and not out of the ordinary, however, reduces day by day in a couple days.
Our specialists assist with surgical options, innovation, and pharmaceuticals to convey in the most present day and propel administration for sinusitis. Our facility of Sinus Surgery in Delhi is the devotion and responsibility of our ENT Specialists to investigate the reasons for nasal and sinus issue. Our endeavors to create and set gauges of care settle on our Center the decision for patients with sinus conditions. Visit us for a second opinion now.


Category (Ear, Nose & Throat)  |   Views (639)  |  User Rating
Rate It


May25
Dry Eye Treatment In Ghatkopar by Dr. Jatin Ashar
Dry Eyes Treatment In Ghatkopar
A dry eye is an uncomfortable and painful condition. It can be understood as an inadequate production of tears leading to dryness of eyes. Dry eyes make you more susceptible to bacterial infections and trauma due to reduced lubrication over the cornea. As tear film is very thin, reading, writing and watching becomes very uncomfortable.



Role of tears
Blinking makes your eyes moist every time and keeps the corneal surface smooth and clean. Tear film contains a combination of oil, water and mucous. Outermost layer is made up of oil as it prevents tear from drying. Second layer (water) comes from lacrimal gland and made up of mostly water as main content. Water washes away any dirt and unwanted particles from the eye to keep it clean. Inner most layer is made up of mucus and formed in conjunctiva, due to this layer tears don’t stick to eyes. In general we see with any irritant, our eyes protective response is to produce tears but in few local and system medical conditions, tear formation is reduced and that hampers with the vision.



Why do I get dry eye condition?
We produce tears all the time, not only when we are emotional but with every blink. Dry eye can be because of various reasons:
Altered composition of tears or tears dry up too fast – imbalance is oil, water and mucous content may result in dry eyes.
Inflammation or trauma to the eye (lacrimal gland, conjunctiva) – dry eyes may result as a consequence to damaged tear producing apparatus.
Medical conditions for less production of tears – autoimmune diseases like lupus, scleroderma, rheumatoid arthritis, Parkinsons disease.
Vitamin A deficiency may result in poor eye health
Disease like diabetes or radiation exposure also affects eye status.
Hormonal imbalance like pregnancy or menopause also reduces tear production.
Drugs like Antihistamins, antidepressants may result in dry eyes.
Corneal nerve desensitivity caused by contact lens or nerve damage by laser eye surgery.
As an aging process.
Other medical conditions can lead to dry eyes, such as the following:
Keratoconjuctivitis - It refers to the inflammation of the surface of your eye, called the cornea or the conjunctiva

Keratitis is another condition that’s caused by irritation or swelling of your cornea when your eyes are dry for too long

Keratoconjuctivitis Sicca – This term is used to describe an autoimmune condition when you aren’t able to produce enough tears and develop an infection or inflammation.



How do I know that I have dry eyes condition?
Symptoms experienced by patients suffering from dry eyes are:

Fatigued and heavy eyes
Sore and itchy eyes
Burning and dryness sensation
Red eyes with blurred vision
Difficulty in wearing contact lenses
Difficulty in night driving
Sensitivity to light and stringy mucous around the eyes
Eyelids sticking together when waking up after sleep
Double vision
How diagnosis is made?
Ophthalmologist conducts a thorough eye examination and certain tests to reach to a final conclusion and design the treatment plan.

Detailed Medical and drug history of systemic diseases may help in diagnosis.
History of trauma and family occurrence can be related to present condition.
Schirmer test – this test is performed to see the volume of your tears, blotting strips of paper are placed under your lower eyelids. After five minutes your doctor measures the amount of strip soaked by your tears.
Phenol red thread test - In this test, a thread filled with pH-sensitive dye (tears change the dye color) is placed over the lower eyelid, wetted with tears for 15 seconds and then measured for tear volume.
Special dyes are used for your eye doctor to check the evaporation of your tears. As tear composition has oil content in it, so if it is reduced, it may lead to quick drying of your tears.
Tear osmolarity test can be done to measure the composition of particles and water in your tears.
Special Tear markers for dry eye disease like matrix metalloproteinase-9 or lactoferrin.
Complications
Often people with dry eyes experience poor quality of life as it’s very difficult for them to read, write or watch anything for long period of time. Tears serve as protective coating, without them you are prone to eye infections. If left untreated, dye eye may lead to damage to corneal surface and permanent vision impairment may happen in severe cases.

Prevention
As an aging process, tears production will eventually go down, but still precautions may help to avoid dry eyes discomfort.

Add humidifier to your room in winters
At high altitudes or extreme winters, take care of your eyes as dry winds may be traumatic to your eyes and tear producing apparatus.
If you are a person spending more time on computer or phone, take short brakes during your tasks as your eyes get tired by long focus and radiation exposure.
Use sunglasses while going outdoors
Use of ointments instead of drops
Frequent washing of your eyes also serves a natural way for eye moisture and cleaning.
Mild soap use to reduce the irritation.
Important Reminder: This information is only intended to provide guidance, not a definitive medical advice. Please consult eye doctor about your specific condition. Only a trained, experienced board certified eye doctor can determine an accurate diagnosis and proper treatment.


Category (Eyes & Vision)  |   Views (663)  |  User Rating
Rate It


May25
Cornea Surgery in Ghatkopar, Cornea Surgery in Mumbai by Dr. Jatin Ashar
Cornea Surgery in Ghatkopar
The cornea is the clear dome shaped transparent, outermost layer of the eye, about 12 mm in diameter. It serves as a physical barrier against dust, microorganisms and other harmful particles. The cornea also plays an important role in vision. It filters some amount of ultraviolet light and protects iris, pupil and anterior chamber.

As light is refracted by the curvature of the cornea, it is focused on the object and forms a clear Image. Any infection, disease or trauma to the cornea can interfere with vision by blocking or distorting light as it enters the eye. It contains specialized tissue having no blood vessels and is nourished with your tears and aqueous humor (behind the cornea).

Cornea is made up of three major components.
Epithelium – Cornea has numerous nerve endings, that’s why you experience pain while rubbing your eyes. It absorbs oxygen and nutrients from the tears. Epithelium is connected with stroma with the help of basement membrane.
Stroma – The stroma is the thickest part of the cornea and is made up of collagen and water. Collagen fives elasticity and keeps cornea firm. These collagen fibres are arranged in strictly in a regular, geometric fashion. This arrangement is responsible for clear cornea, while in case of trauma, collagen fibres laid down in repair, often leads to cloudy cornea. Below stroma is the Descemet’s membrane, which connects it with endothelium.
Endothelium - The innermost layer of the cornea is made up of endothelium. Function of endothelium is to maintain fluid balance by acting as a pump, expelling excess water as it is absorbed into the stroma. Without this specialized function, the stroma could become waterlogged and hazy and opaque in appearance, also reducing vision.

Symptoms of corneal conditions
Minor injuries of cornea heal by itself while major injuries may result in
scarring and impaired vision.

Intense pain.
Blurred vision.
Double vision
Tearing.
Redness.
Extreme sensitivity to light.

Corneal conditions
Injuries/Trauma
Eye allergies
Keratitis.
Ocular herpes
Herpes zoster (shingles)
Dry eye
Nutritional Deficiencies like Vitamin A
Corneal dystrophies – Keratoconus, Map-dot-fingerprint dystrophy, Fuch's
dystrophy
Common diseases that can affect the cornea — Abnormal growths,
autoimmune diseases, Stevens - Johnson syndrome, iridocorneal endothelial
syndrome and pterygium.

Treatment
Simple corneal conditions can be treated with antibiotic or anti-inflammatory
eye drops or pills. If you have advanced corneal disease, you may need an
advanced treatment.

Laser treatment – In Corneal dystrophies, doctors can use a type of laser treatment called phototherapeutic keratectomy (PTK) to reshape the cornea, remove scar tissue, and make vision clearer.

Corneal transplant surgery – In case cornea is damaged and cannot be repaired, doctors can remove the damaged part and replace it with healthy corneal tissue from a donor.

Artificial cornea - As an alternative to corneal transplant, doctors can replace a damaged cornea with an artificial cornea, called a keratoprosthesis (KPro).


Category (Eyes & Vision)  |   Views (590)  |  User Rating
Rate It


May25
Diabetic Retinopathy Treatment From Retina Specialist in Mumbai - Dr. Jatin Ashar
Diabetic Retinopathy Treatment In Ghatkopar
Diabetic retinopathy is a form of eye disease caused by chronically high or variable blood sugar that is associated with diabetes. If left untreated, diabetic retinopathy can lead to vision loss and blindness. The condition develops slowly throughout many years; therefore, it is essential to undergo regular eye tests when you have Diabetes. Retinopathy is basically impaired blood vessels in the retina which is the thin inner light-sensitive layer situated in the back of the eyes. In some cases, these vessels will swell up (macular oedema) and leak fluid into the rear of the eye. In other cases, abnormal blood vessels will grow on the surface of the retina.

Diabetic retinopathy occurs in three stages:
Background retinopathy - Background retinopathy is said to occur if you have developed microaneurysms on your retina. Microaneurysms are when there is a swelling of the capillaries (very small blood vessels) that feed the retina. It is an early warning sign that your diabetes has lead to some damage of the small blood vessels of your retina.
Diabetic maculopathy - The macula is the part of the eye that helps to provide us with our central vision. Diabetic maculopathy is when the macula sustains some form of damage. One such cause of macular damage is from diabetic macular oedema whereby blood vessels near to the macula leak fluid or protein onto the macula.
Proliferative retinopathy - If a significant number of blood vessels on the retina become damaged, your body will respond by releasing a growth hormone known as Vascular Endothelial Cell Growth Factor (VEGF). The growth hormone stimulates the growth of new blood vessels. However, these new blood vessels are particularly weak and prone to leaking. Proliferative retinopathy is the body’s attempt to save its retina but it can often lead scarring of the retina and can cause the retina to detach, leading to blindness.
Symptoms
You might not have any signs of diabetic retinopathy until it becomes serious. When you do have symptoms, you might notice:

Loss of central vision, which is used when you read or drive
Not being able to see colors
Blurry vision
Holes or black spots in your vision
Floaters, or small spots in your vision caused by bleeding
Poor night vision
Risk factors
Anyone who has diabetes can develop diabetic retinopathy. Risk of developing the eye condition can increase as a result of:

Duration of diabetes — the longer you have diabetes, the greater your risk of developing diabetic retinopathy
Poor control of your blood sugar level
High blood pressure
High cholesterol
Pregnancy
Tobacco use
Being African-American, Hispanic or Native American
Detection and diagnosis of diabetic retinopathy
Diabetic retinopathy can be detected by undergoing a comprehensive eye examination that emphasizes on the evaluation of specifically the retina and macula. Such a test may include:

Visual acuity measurements – measuring a patient’s ability to see at different distances.
Patient history – to determine the presence of diabetes, vision impairments and other general health issues that may affect vision.
Tonometry – Measuring pressure within the eye.
Refraction – to establish whether a prescription for new glasses is required.
Pupil dilation – evaluation of eye structures, including assessment of the retina and optic nerve through a dilated pupil.
Supplementary testing may be required which include:
Retinal tomography or photography – In this test retina’s current status is documented.
Fluorescein angiography test - During this test, your doctor will inject a dye into your arm, allowing them to track how the blood flows in your eye. They’ll take pictures of the dye circulating inside of your eye to determine which vessels are blocked, leaking, or broken.
An optical coherence tomography (OCT) exam - It is an imaging test that uses light waves to produce images of the retina. These images allow your doctor to determine your retina’s thickness. OCT exams help determine how much fluid, if any, has accumulated in the retina.
Treatment
Treatment of diabetic retinopathy depends on the extent of the disease.

Eye Injections - Eye Medications called vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitors can be used to help stop the growth of new blood vessels and improve vision. Most people who receive these injections will need to get them for at least three months. Over time, some people may need to get them less often or may no longer need them at all, but others will need to continue in order to protect their vision.
Focal laser surgery - This surgery attempts to stop or reduce the leaking of blood or fluid into the eye by burning and sealing the damaged blood vessels.
Photocoagulation - This is usually done in your doctor’s office as an outpatient procedure during a single session. The procedure may or may not restore your vision to normal, but it should prevent your condition from worsening.
Scatter laser surgery - This surgery uses lasers to burn the damaged blood vessels so that they shrink. This procedure may require more than one application, and your vision may be blurry for a day or more after each session. You may also experience loss of peripheral vision or night vision after the procedure.
Vitrectomy - This surgery is done under general anesthesia and involves making a tiny incision in the eye to remove blood from the vitreous fluid, as well as any scar tissue that may cause retinal detachment.
Complications
Diabetic retinopathy involves the abnormal growth of blood vessels in the retina. Complications can lead to serious vision problems:

Vitreous hemorrhage - The new blood vessels may bleed into the clear, jelly-like substance that fills the center of your eye. If the amount of bleeding is small, you might see only a few dark spots (floaters). In more-severe cases, blood can fill the vitreous cavity and completely block your vision. Vitreous hemorrhage by itself usually doesn't cause permanent vision loss. The blood often clears from the eye within a few weeks or months. Unless your retina is damaged, your vision may return to its previous clarity.
Retinal detachment - The abnormal blood vessels associated with diabetic retinopathy stimulate the growth of scar tissue, which can pull the retina away from the back of the eye. This may cause spots floating in your vision, flashes of light or severe vision loss.
Glaucoma - New blood vessels may grow in the front part of your eye and interfere with the normal flow of fluid out of the eye, causing pressure in the eye to build up (glaucoma). This pressure can damage the nerve that carries images from your eye to your brain (optic nerve).
Blindness - Eventually, diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma or both can lead to complete vision loss.
How can I reduce my risk of Retinopathy?
You can reduce your risk of developing diabetic retinopathy, or help prevent it getting worse, by:

Controlling your blood sugar, blood pressure and cholesterol levels
Taking your diabetes medication as prescribed
Attending all your screening appointments
Getting medical advice quickly if you notice any changes to your vision
Maintaining a healthy weight, eating a healthy, balanced diet, exercising regularly and stopping smoking
Important Reminder: This information is only intended to provide guidance, not a definitive medical advice. Please consult eye doctor about your specific condition. Only a trained, experienced board certified eye doctor can determine an accurate diagnosis and proper treatment.


Category (Eyes & Vision)  |   Views (568)  |  User Rating
Rate It


Browse Archive