World's first medical networking and resource portal

Category : Skin & Beauty
Medical Articles
Causes Of Hair Fall And Homeopathic Remedies For It!
Hair fall also known as alopecia is a problem encountered by millions of men and women worldwide. Hair fall can be a very distressing problem and can make you feel depressed. Hair fall may happen due to several reasons. Finding out the root cause of your hair fall will help you to deal with your problem more efficiently. Following are some causes that could be the reason for your hair fall:

For some people hair fall may be a hereditary problem.
Hormonal imbalance may at times lead to hair fall.
Stress can be a leading cause of hair loss.
Frequent use of hair styling tools may cause your hair to fall rapidly.
Consuming steroids like birth control pills very often may result in uncontrolled hair fall.
A diet with insufficient amount of protein can trigger hair fall.
But there is no reason for you to be disheartened, because there are many treatments available for controlling hair fall. Homeopathy offers promising remedies for reducing hair fall.

Some of the treatment methods are mentioned below:

If your hair fall is due to scalp diseases like dandruff or eczema then your homeopathic physician may recommend you medicines like Psorinum.
Your doctor may recommend you medicines like Pulsatilla or Sepia Officinalis, if hair loss happens due to childbirth or after menopause.
If hair fall is due to alopecia then your doctor may recommend you medicines like Calcrea Carbonica.
Homeopathic medicines like Fluoric acid are used for growing back your hair if bald spots appear on your scalp due to hair fall.
Medicines like Lycopodium are used for growing back your hair in case of complete baldness.
Silicea is a common homeopathic medicine prescribed for hair fall in case of young people.
Hair fall must not be ignored. You may consider consulting a homeopathic doctor if your hair is falling at an alarming rate.

Category (Skin & Beauty)  |   Views (4208)  |  User Rating
Rate It

ACNE..... Rosy Buds
From a naturopathic viewpoint, acne is an external manifestation of an internal imbalance. As with many naturopathic treatments, nutrition is key to treating acne. The body makes the oil (sebum) secreted by the sebaceous glands from the fats that are eaten. If poor quality fats (saturated fats, trans fatty acids) are eaten, the body produces poor quality oil. If good quality fats (olive oil, fish oil, flaxseed oil) are eaten, the body produces good quality oil. Poor quality oil does not flow adequately, so it clogs pores and attracts bacteria. Good quality oil flows well and nourishes the skin.
• Eat a high-protein, low-carbohydrate diet. Include vegetables, seaweeds, fish (cold-water fish like salmon, sardines, trout, and haddock), whole grains, sprouts, and fruits in the diet.
• Avoid fried foods, dairy products, processed foods, junk food, sugar, margarine, nut butters, citrus (except lemon juice), caffeine, food that aggravates the acne, and food sensitivities. Determine food sensitivities through the elimination and challenge diet.
• Fasting can be an effective method of treating acne but should not be undertaken for more than 2–3 days without a physician's supervision.
• Drink 50% of body weight in ounces of water daily (e.g., a 150 lb person would drink 75 oz of water).
• Brewer's yeast—Take 1 tbsp 3 times daily.
• Chromium—Take 400 mcg daily.
• Flaxseed oil—Take 1�2 tbsp daily.
• Selenium—Take 200 mcg daily.
• Vitamin A—Take 100,000 IUs daily. Toxicity to Vitamin A can occur at doses of 20,000 IU daily; therefore, use vitamin A only with a physician's supervision. It is possible that the acne may return several months after discontinuing vitamin A.
• Vitamin B-6—Take 50 mg 3 times daily.
• Vitamin C—Take 1000 mg daily.
• Vitamin E—Take 400 IUs daily.
• Zinc—Take 50 mg daily (particularly for males).

Herbal Medicine
Herbs are used to treat acne by cleansing the blood. When toxins accumulate in the blood, the liver works less efficiently and cannot metabolize hormones effectively, which leads to skin eruptions (i.e., an external manifestation of an internal imbalance).
• Burdock (Arctium lappa)—Used as a blood purifier when taken internally and as an antibacterial when applied topically.
• Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale)—Used as a liver purifier. The leaves may be applied topically in a poultice.
• Chaste tree berry (Vitex agnus)—Indicated for acne associated with the menstrual period.
• Milk thistle (Silybum marianum)—Used as a liver cleanser.
• Red clover (Trifolium pratense)—Used as a blood purifier.
• Tea tree (Melaleuca alternifolia)—Used as a skin disinfectant; it kills many organisms and penetrates the skin layer. Tea tree oil may be applied directly (sparingly) to the pimple. If irritation occurs, which is uncommon, use diluted tea tree oil. Tea tree oil has a very strong, medicinal odor.
• Alternate hot and cold compresses with to the affected area.
• Apply a hot washcloth to the affected area for 45 seconds then apply a cold washcloth for 15 seconds. Do this three times in succession always ending with the cold. Repeat several times during the day.
• Apply a poultice to the affected area.

Prevention Tips
• Use a honey mask on a weekly basis. Honey is considered as a disinfectant and a great way for healing pimples. It can also kill bacteria found in your skin.
• Cut your hair short if it’s long. Hair has oil. When you are moving, dust particles often culminate in your hair, and as your hair touches your face, neck, or forehead, it can provoke acne or worsen an affected area.
• Take a powerful multi-vitamin twice every day; the biggest organ—your skin—requires proper nutrients to stay healthy.
• Take vitamin A daily. It both protects your skin and prevents acne. Plus, vitamin A reduces sebum production.
• Avoid over washing and rubbing or scrubbing your skin excessively. Acne is not caused by not washing or by having dirty skin.
• Some people, especially students, have claimed that their acne grows worse when experiencing stressful situations. Advise: if it’s in your power, cut down on stress.
• Drink 8 glasses of water everyday. Water helps to clean and hydrate the skin.
• Avoid alcohol-based creams and lotions.
• Either change or wash your pillowcase everyday.
• Eat food rich in zinc. A deficiency in zinc may cause acne breakouts.
• Add a lot of fresh fruits and vegetables to your daily diet.
• When you are undergoing much stress, breathe deeply. Because there is a direct connection between acne and stress.

Other Recommendations
• Avoid exposure to oils and greases.
• Avoid medications that contain bromides or iodides.
• Avoid touching the face. Hands can transmit oil and bacteria. Do not pick or pop pimples.
• Avoid the use of greasy face creams or cosmetics.
• Do not smoke.
• Do not wash the affected area with soap. Use warm water to rinse off. If a cleansing agent is needed, use only a gentle non-soap product

Dr Wilkhoo HS

Category (Skin & Beauty)  |   Views (3230)  |  User Rating
Rate It

Ayurveda &Psoriasis
Dr Vipin Chaurasiya
Oct 31, 7:29 PM

Psoriasis and ayurveda

Psoriasis is a long lasting autoimmune diseases which is characterised by an abnormally excessive growth of the epidermal layer of the skin. Abnormal production of skin cells and overabundance of skin cells result from the sequence of pathological events in the psoriasis.
Skin cells are replaced every 3 to 5 day's in psoriasis rather than the usual 28 to 30 day's. These changes are believed to stem from the premature maturation of keratinocytes induced by an inflammatory cascade in the dermis,involving macrophages and t cells. These immune cells move from dermis to the epidermis and secret inflammatory chemical signals i.e. interleukins
These inflammatory signals are believed to stimulate keratinocyte to proliferate.
Where ayurveda is work::
the ayurveda treatment is focus to moved out the dosha ( vaat pitta this condition these are inflammatory cascade or inflammatory chemical signals) from the body by various panchkarma procedure. After this panchkarma procedures internal medication is used to correct autoimmune response by which disease is completely managed by ayurveda medication
So patient should select ayurveda treatment in psoriasis rather than allopathic treatment.

Category (Skin & Beauty)  |   Views (3164)  |  User Rating
Rate It

Alopecia areata and ayurveda treatment
Alopecia areata is completely cured by ayurveda treatment..this treatment needs at least three fall is major problem in district like rewa satna Jabalpur etc...chlorinated water is major factor which is responsible for the hairs fall...other factors like use of shampoo.,oils ,lakes of nutrition in diet ,anxiety,depression.

For complete care pls contact to our clinic at rewa mp India
Ayurkeralam ayurveda clinic , near to padhmadhar colony gate satna road rewa

Category (Skin & Beauty)  |   Views (3317)  |  User Rating
Rate It

Research has shown that cells which heal the skin following an injury play an important role in the development of the skin disease psoriasis. In people with psoriasis, the skin peels much faster than normal so that it flakes and becomes inflamed. The scientist investigated the transit amplifying cells in the uppermost layer of the skin. These cells develop from stem cells and specialize into skin cells when new skin cells are needed. The transit amplifying cells are involved in the healing of the skin following an injury and in the regular renewing of the skin.

Normally these cells wait until they receive a signal to develop into skin cells. Scientists discovered that in people with psoriasis, some of the transit amplifying cells divide without waiting for a signal. As a result of this, too many skin cells develop and the skin is renewed more quickly than normal.

Psoriasis is a skin problem that occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks its own system. It is also called the auto immune disorder. The auto immune systems mistake your skin cells as. In the case of psoriasis, not only is there a more rapid renewal of the skin, but the number of cell layers on the surface also increases. The skin condition causes red marks that are rich in blood and often inflamed. These red marks are covered with shiny white flakes of skin and sometimes itch.

Scalp psoriasis could be especially embarrassing because of its visibility. Not like psoriasis on other elements of your body, this sort of psoriasis is difficult to cover up. It might spread for the surrounding areas in the neck, forehead, and ears. Its not at all only uncomfortable and itchy, but it could be a supply of anxiety for psoriasis sufferers at the same time. Psoriasis appears as raised, red patches or lesions covered with dead skin cells on the skin. Scalp psoriasis can be mild, with fine scaling or thick with crusted plaques, covering the entire scalp. The areas of the skin grow very rapidly and form red, scaling patches. Patients experience severe itchiness, a feeling of tightness and soreness, accompanied by hair loss. Scalp psoriasis is a common form of psoriasis.

These spots may be very small at first and are often confused with dandruff. However, unlike dandruff, these spots will have a silver tint. In the absence of treatment, this disease advances, spots and sores enlarge and can impede the growth of new hair or they may even become dormant until triggered again. In extreme cases can cause permanent loss or thinning in affected areas.
Why do I have Psoriasis?
While science hasn’t been able to pinpoint the exact cause as yet, a significant genetic predisposition has been seen (which means if any of your close relatives suffer from any autoimmune disease, not particularly Psoriasis), it might have been passed on to you via the genes. It is an autoimmune disease where the defense cells of the body start attacking their own skin cells by mistake. The skin cells when attacked, respond to it by starting to multiply abnormally leading to thickened skin and shedding of scales. This causes raw, red, peeling areas on the skin.

Homeopathy has been known to help. A study published in the Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, a conventional medical Journal, showed that psoriasis patients experienced significant improvement in their quality of life and reduction in their psoriasis symptoms with Homeopathy. And this was without any kind of side-effects whatsoever. Of the 82 patients involved in the study that went on for 2 years, many had suffered psoriasis for as long as 15 years and had previously unsuccessfully tried conventional treatments.

How can Homeopathy help me with my Psoriasis?”
In Psoriasis, our immunity needs to be strengthened from within and should be able to identify all our body cells as its own. Homeopathy assesses the individual as a whole and does not only treat symptoms. The environment, the person’s temperament and the presenting symptoms are all considered before prescribing the ‘remedy’ to the patient. Thus, no two people with psoriasis might have the exact same remedy. Homeopathy works on the principle ‘Like treats like’. Very small, infinitesimal dose of the substance which causes symptoms similar to the disease is diluted and packed into the sugar pills. With these doses, the body’s immunity recognizes its skin cells as it own, thus reducing the severity of the condition.

What Is Psoriatic Arthritis?
Psoriatic arthritis is a type of chronic inflammatory arthritis associated with the chronic skin condition psoriasis, which is believed to be an inherited condition. Psoriasis, which affects about 2 percent of the population, most often causes patches of thick, reddened, irritated skin with flaky, silver-white patches called scales. Psoriatic arthritis typically appears about 10 years after the onset of psoriasis, which can manifest at any age, though most people are diagnosed between the ages of 15 and 35. The main symptoms of psoriatic arthritis are painful, swollen joints, tenderness where muscles or ligaments attach to bones, particularly the heel and bottom of the foot, back pain, nail changes such as separating from the nail bed, or becoming pitted or infected-looking, morning stiffness, general fatigue, reduced range of motion
What are the effects?
Psoriatic arthritis is an autoimmune disease that for unknown reasons causes the body’s own immune system to turn against itself. Inflammation can occur causing the synovium tissue that lines the joint capsule and produces synovial fluid, which lubricates the joint and keeps it moving smoothly—to thicken resulting in a swollen joint. Over time, the synovium invades the cartilage, elastic tissue that covers the ends of the bones in a joint. The cartilage in turn erodes, causing bones to rub together. As the joint weakens, so do its the surrounding structures, such as muscles, ligaments and tendons. Because this joint damage can occur early in the disease process, diagnosing psoriatic arthritis as quickly as possible and treating it properly are important.

Here are many foods and beverages that get mentioned often by people as possibly causing their psoriasis aggravation. Some of the major food triggers as

“First and foremost, stop drinking,” Alcohol opens the blood vessels in the skin. When your blood vessels are dilated, white blood cells, including the T cells that are believed to be responsible for psoriasis, can sneak into the outer layers of your skin more easily and you don’t need to be inviting more T cells. “Your psoriasis symptoms may worsen even if you’re a light-to-moderate alcohol user,”

Junk foods
Psoriasis is an inflammatory condition. Junk foods tend to be high in saturated and trans fats and refined starches and sugars, all of which can promote inflammation. Another reason to avoid junk foods is that that they are high in calories with little nutritional value, and people with psoriasis often have weight problems. “If you have psoriasis, you have an increased risk of heart and vascular diseases,”

Red meat
Red meats contain a polyunsaturated fat called arachidonic acid. “This type of fat can worsen psoriasis symptoms because it can easily be converted into inflammatory compounds,”

Dairy products
Like red meat, dairy products contain the natural inflammatory arachidonic acid. “Cow’s milk is one of the biggest culprits because it also contains the protein casein, which has been linked to inflammation. Egg yolks, too, are high in arachidonic acid, so consider nixing them from your diet. Dietary changes: Follow an anti-inflammatory diet, making sure to get plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables, particularly those rich in carotenoids (mangoes, corn, sweet potatoes, carrots and squash, as well as leafy greens and tomatoes).

Exercise: Regular physical activity may help.

Homoeopathic treatment of psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis are.. should be taken under strict medical supervision

Category (Skin & Beauty)  |   Views (5359)  |  User Rating
Rate It


Category (Skin & Beauty)  |   Views (6582)  |  User Rating
Rate It

आंखों के नीचे काले धब्बे ( black spots below the eyes ) :-

आंखों के नीचे काले धब्बे होना आम समस्या है कम सोने, अधिक थकान होने, कमजोरी अथवा किसी बीमारी के कारण होते है । प्राय: नींद न आने की बीमारी के कारण होते हैं और उनकी आंखों पर काले धब्बे पड़ जाते है । नींद लेना स्वास्थ्य के लिये आवश्यक है । यदि आपको नींद नही आती, आप को थकावट रहती है तो रोज सुबह घर में ही एक्ससाइज करनी चाहिये ।

आंखों की चारों तरफ की त्वचा बड़ी नाजुक होती है । इसलिये सौन्दर्य प्रसाधन लगाते समय बड़ी सावधानी बरतनी चाहिये । सोने से पहले त्वचा को नमी देने वाली क्रीम या लोशन इस्तेमाल करनी चाहिये । रूई के फोहे को आंखों के इर्द-गिर्द लगाएं । आंखों के लिये बादाम क्रीम सबसे उपयुक्त होती है । इससे रंग भी साफ होता है और साथ ही त्वचा का पोषण होता है। कोई भी सौन्दर्य-प्रसाधन तत्व आंखों वाले क्षेत्र पर ज्यादा देर नहीं लगाना चाहिये । चेहरे पर लगाया जाने वाला लेप आंखों के आसपास नहीं लगाना चाहिये । आंखों पर खीरे का रस,आलू का रस तथा गुलाबजल को रूई के फोहे में भिगोकर आंखों पर रखना चाहिये ।

मुँहासों के सफेद व काले दाग का प्रभाव :-

सफेद मुहांसे से भी काले मुँहासों की तरह त्वचा में चिकनाई जम जाने के कारण होते है । इन काले और सफेद मुँहासों में अंतर यह है कि जहां की त्वचा मुलायम और चिकनी होती है वहां रोम छिद्रों में चिकनाई बाहर नहीं निकल पाती इसलिये अंदर ही अंदर वह पस के रूप में बाहर की तरफ उभर आती है । जो ऊपर की तरफ से सफेद तथा नीचे से काले मुँहासों की तरह दिखाई देती है । अधिक चिकनी त्वचा के लिये यह अधिक परेशानी पैदा करती है । इन्हें समाप्त करने के लिये बाजार में उपलब्ध सौन्दर्य प्रसाधन व कुछ घरेलू नुसख़े काम में लाये जा सकते है।
चेहरे को पानी से अच्छी तरह धोकर साफ तौलिये से पोंछ लें और फिर सल्फर लोशन लगाएं । इसके बाद गर्म पानी में तौलिया भिगोकर चेहरे को भाप दें। इस उपाय को करने से त्वचा के बंद छिद्र खुल जायेंगे तथा इसके साथ-साथ आप विटामिन बी. सी की गोलियों का सेवन भी करते रहें ।

Category (Skin & Beauty)  |   Views (14383)  |  User Rating
Rate It

Hair Loss: Know the Cause, Know the Cure
Hair has been regarded as a sign of beauty and power for as long as one can remember. Judges in olden days wore wigs as mark of authority whereas monks shave their scalp as part of their renunciation of all worldly pleasures and to render themselves unattractive to the opposite sex.
Hair loss does not affect you just cosmetically but emotionally and socially. Research reveals how deeply hair loss can impact your life.
Emotionally, a high percentage of people experiencing hair loss are known to suffer from low self esteem and depression as a result of this problem, be it men or women
However, the most important aspect of hair loss is its medical implication. Loss of hair is almost always a sign of an internal disorder. It is often first warning signal of many deep seated ailments including thyroid, Diabetes and anemia.
Causes of Hair loss & Thinning
1. Androgenetic Alopecia – male or female pattern baldness
2. Auto immune diseases – an immune reaction that attacks the hair follicles, producing
antibodies which attack these tissues as if they were foreign invaders.
Androgenic Alopecia – the body’s immune system is sensitized to increased levels of DHT in the scalp causing hair loss in these high concentrated DHT areas
Alopecia Totalis, universalis – immune sensitivity to a substance other than DHT
3. Connective tissue disease – causes scarring of skin, loss of circulation to hair follicles and an autoimmune reaction leading to temporary or permanent loss of hair.
 Lupus, Rheumatoid arthritis, Scleroderma, MCTD, Scarring alopecia
4. Exposure to toxic chemicals –Tobacco smoke contains hundreds of lethal and
damaging chemicals which can accelerate normal hair loss and retard effects of
medication and surgical restoration. This effect can result either from being a
smoker or from second hand smoke. We are exposed to other toxic chemicals
and metals through work, hobbies and environment. They can be present in our
homes (ie.: lead, aluminum, cadmium, arsenic, mercury, etc.) Exposure can be
environmental and/or ingested through food sources.
5. Radiation exposure – Irradiation therapy or exposure to radiation from any source can cause localized or total hair loss, which may be permanent if thevdose is high enough.
6. Iron deficiency anemia – very common with women but can also affect men.
7. Hormonal changes – due to pregnancy, birth control pills, other medications,
and menopause.
8. Thyroid disease – either hypothyroid or hyperthyroid disease causes hair to become brittle and break resulting in localized or generalized loss. Correction of the thyroid condition usually causes hair to re-grow.
9. Stress – usually temporary and transient. Hair may re-grow when stress levels decrease
10. Drug interactions – certain vitamins, many prescriptions and over the counter (OTC) supplements may have individual and non-specific side effects of hairloss. Usually, when the medication is discontinued, the hair re-grows.
 Excessive Vitamin A has been linked to some hair loss scenarios.
11.Others: Exposure to toxic chemicals –Tobacco smoke contains hundreds of lethal and
damaging chemicals which can accelerate normal hair loss and retard effects of medication and surgical restoration. This effect can result either from being a smoker or from second hand smoke. We are exposed to other toxic chemicals and metals through work, hobbies and environment. They can be present in our homes (ie.: lead, aluminum, cadmium, arsenic, mercury, etc.) Exposure can be
environmental and/or ingested through food sources.
Individual reaction to illness or a personal sensitivity to the environment, Chemotherapy, Fungal and bacterial infections, Cosmetic procedures like perming, crimping , straightening and colouring are enormously contributory factors, and should be avoided as far as possible.Also
• Androgenetic Alopecia- In men it is the most common cause of hair loss, In women the hormonal changes that occur at the time of menopause and post delivery are responsible.
• Alopecia Areata - In this type of hair loss, hair usually falls out, resulting in totally smooth, round patches about the size of a coin or larger. It can, rarely, result in complete loss of scalp and body hair.
• Thyroid Disease - Both an over-active thyroid and an under-active thyroid can cause hair loss.
• Low Serum Iron - Iron deficiency occasionally produces hair loss. Some people don't have enough iron in their diets or may not fully absorb iron. Women who have heavy menstrual periods may develop iron deficiency.
• Hair Pulling (Trichotillomania) - People with trichotillomania pull hair on various parts of their bodies, including the scalp, face, arms, legs and pubic areas. They may not notice the hair pulling until they need to cover up bald patches.
• Medications - Some prescription drugs used for gout, arthritis, depression, heart problems, high doses of vitamin A & birth Control Pills may cause hair loss
Other causes includes high Fever, Severe Infection, Severe Flu , Inadequate Protein in Diet ,Major Surgery/Chronic Illness ,Fungus Infection (Ringworm) of the Scalp.

Homeopathy & Hair Remedy
This is of utmost importance to understand that hair loss is almost always a sign of an internal disorder or disease. Very often patients try over the counter prescriptions or “tried and tested” beauty parlor remedy for hair & this remedy fail because they don’t identify the cause of the hair loss.
Homoeopathy is an excellent answer to hair loss. Its personalized approach is ideal for hair treatment since hair is as distinctive as fingerprints. Homeopathy is absolutely safe without any side effects, and works from within to treat the underline disorder that is causing the hair loss thus providing a permanent solution.
A consultation with a qualified homeopath will invest a great deal of time and care in asking questions to uncover your constitution. Doctors ask about not only your hair loss and heredity but also how you are affected by environmental factors such as weather and temperature, the types of foods you like or dislike and your moods and feelings; a thorough medical history will be taken in order to establish a complete picture of you. Your current symptoms are then taken into consideration in order to prescribe the correct remedy at the right strength.
In homeopathy, there are more than 100 remedies for alopecia or hair loss. The homeopath has to analyze your case systematically to choose the right medicine for you.
To help classify the hair type, the equipment like video microscope or trichoscan is usefull. These machines even alert to catch and avert impending hair loss before it actually takes place.
Hair Grow Therapy (LLLT) & HFT.

Along with homeopathic medication, use of supporting latest international machines is also useful in stimulating blood circulation and proven to help hair loss. But it has to be complimented by medication.

• LLLT (Low Level Laser Therapy): The recent developments showed that low level lasers can also be used in treating hair loss and other skin diseases that usually occurs on the scalp. Low intensity laser energy works by absorbing the lasers into the scalp which stimulates cellular activity and hair growth. Absorption of light by the hair follicle molecules is essential in order for biological reaction to be stimulated in the molecules. Laser light reactions stimulated in cytochrome c sends signals throughout cells of the hair follicle, stimulating enhanced gene activity, decreased gene-regulated cell death, and other changes that enhance cell activity and survival.
• HFT ( High Frequency Therapy): A high frequency current which stimulates the surface of the scalp by means of massaging the cells of the scalp, also supposed to improve the process of nourishment, stimulate local blood circulation, stimulate local glandular activity, supplies heat and is soothing to the nervous system of the scalp.

Category (Skin & Beauty)  |   Views (5798)  |  User Rating
Rate It

Hair Science and Hair Growth Cycle

With the beginning of the cultivation, mankind had the magnetic dip towards impressing others with their looks. The beauty of hair basically depends on individual’s health, diet, habits, job routine, climatic conditions and maintenance. Hair disorder is a common ailment of all age groups and both genders because of the infections, chemical agents & biological toxins present in the atmosphere and also due to physical factors, malnutrition and environmental pollution. The common problems occur with hair as hair fall, hair loss and their graying at an early age. They have become a general feature.

Hair Science:

Hair is far more complex than it appears on the surface. We all know that it not only plays a vital role in the appearance of both men and women, but it also helps to transmit sensory information. By week 22, a developing fetus has all of its hair follicles formed. At this stage of life there are about 5 million hair follicles on the body. There are a total of one million on the head, with one hundred thousand of those follicles residing on the scalp. This is the largest number of hair follicles a human will ever have, since we do not generate new hair follicles any time during the course of our lives. Most people will notice that the density of scalp hair is reduced as they grow from childhood to adulthood. The reason: our scalp expands as we grow.
Hair has two distinct structures – first, the follicle itself that resides in the skin and second, the shaft that is visible above the scalp.

Hair Growth Cycle:

Hair on the scalp grows about 0.3 to 0.4 mm/day or about 6 inches per year. Unlike other mammals, human hair growth and shedding is random and not seasonal or cyclical. At any given time, a random no of hairs will be in one of three stages of growth and shedding: anagen, catagen, and telogen.


Anagen is the active active phase of hair. The cells in the root of the hair are dividing rapidly. A new hair is formed and pushes the club hair (a hair that has stopped growing or is no longer in the anagen phase) up the follicle and eventually out. During this phase the hair grows about 1 cm every 28 days. Scalp hair stays in this active phase of growth for two to six years. Some people have difficulty in growing their hair beyond a certain length, because they have a short active phase of the growth. On the other hand, people with very long hair have a long active phase of growth. The hair on the arms, legs, eyelashes, and eyebrows have a very short active growth phase of about 30 to 45 days, explaining why they are so much shorter than scalp hair.


Catagen phase is transitional stage and about 3% of hair is in this phase at any time. This phase lasts for about two to three weeks. Growth stops and the outer root sheath shrinks and attaches to the root of the hair. This is the formation of club hair.


Telogen is the resting phase and usually accounts for 6% to 8% of all hair. This phase lasts for about 100 days for hair on the scalp and long for hair on the eyebrow, eyelash, arm, and leg. During this phase, the hair follicle is completely at rest and the club hair is completely formed. Pulling out a hair in this phase will reveal a solid, hard, dry, white material at the root. About 25 to 100 telogen hairs are shed normally each day.

Category (Skin & Beauty)  |   Views (6743)  |  User Rating
Rate It

Science of hair waving
Science of hair waving

Since ancient cultures curly hair represented femininity and beauty. Women with straight hair purchased expensive wigs or spent hours for hair ondulation with water and heat, which was temporary.
Ÿ Permanent hair waving is a two-step chemical treatment modifying hair protein to achieve and retain a curly shape.
Ÿ The chemical treatment involves a thioglycolate reduction reaction that plasticizes hair while being wound on a rod. The following oxidation step with hydrogen peroxide reforms the hair in a new curly shape.
Ÿ Curl retention depends on hair thickness, rod diameter, and hair quality.
Ÿ Undesirable hair damage can occur with the wrong choice of perm and neutralizer, too much heat, incorrect processing time, or improper perm solution amount.

Chemophysical principles of hair waving

Because of hair’s great elasticity and strong resilient forces, it quickly resumes its original straight shape. Therefore it has to be softened and subsequently rehardened chemically to maintain a conformation change. Especially with permanent waving, it is important to select a reversible reaction to allow repeated treatments without hair destruction. The sulfur bridges of the amino acid cystine, linking the proteins, are best suited.
The conditions for permanent waving to be well tolerated are:

Low temperature (20-50®C), convection or contact heat;
ŸShort process time (5-30 minutes); and
Mildness to the skin.

A permanent wave occurs with two solutions:
Solution 1: the perming lotion, which contains a reducing agent, a “thiol” compound, designed to split off about 20-40% of hair cystine bonds.
Solution 2 : a fixing lotion, which contains an oxidizing agent, usually hydrogen peroxide, designed to rebuild cystine bridges between proteins at new sites in the curled hair shape. It must be emphasized that permanent waving is a two-step procedure where the chemical reaction and physical effects run in parallel reduction of disulfide-bonds, softening of hair, lateral swelling and length contraction, stress development and protein flow, then re-oxidation of cystin bonds and deswelling, fixation of a new curly shape.

Category (Skin & Beauty)  |   Views (6611)  |  User Rating
Rate It

Browse Archive